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Unit 3 Vocabulary

Black death a series of deadly plagues that hit Europe between 1347 and 1351, killing millions
Catholic Reformation the effort of the late 1500s and 1600s to reform the Catholic Church from within; also called the Counter-Reformation
humanism the study of history, literature, public speaking, and art that led to a new way of thinking in Europe in the late 1300s
Middle Ages a period that lasted from about 500to 1500 in Europe
Nation-state a country united under a single strong government; made up of people with a common cultural background.
pope the spiritual head of the Roman Catholic Church
Protestants a Christian who protested against the Catholic Church
Reformation a reform movement against the Roman Catholic Church that began in 1517; it resulted in the creation of the Protestant church
Renaissance the period of “rebirth” and creativity that followed Europe’s Middle Ages (1330-1600)
Crusades one of the expeditions in which medieval Christian warriors sought to recover control of the Holy Land from the Muslims
secular worldly rather than spiritual
Ottomans Nomadic Turkish speaking groups that migrated from central Asia
Sultan Turkish ruler; "one with power"
Sharia Islamic system of law based on the Koran which impacts all aspects of Turkish rule
Janissaries Elite military force in the Ottoman Empire
Excommunication Exclusion from Catholic Church as penalty for refusing to obey church laws. During this time, the punishment often came with the penalty of death
Created by: tlblack