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Kinns Chapter 31

TermDefinition
apnea Absence or cessation of breathing.
arrhythmia An abnormality or irregularity in the heart rhythm.
bounding A term used to describe a pulse that feels full because of increased power of cardiac contraction or as a result of increased blood volume.
bradycardia A slow heartbeat; a pulse below 60 beats per minute.
bradypnea Respirations that are regular in rhythm but slower than normal in rate.
cerumen A waxy secretion in the ear canal; commonly called ear wax.
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) A progressive, irreversible lung condition that results in diminished lung capacity.
diurnal rhythm A pattern of activity or behavior that follows a day-night cycle.
dyspnea Difficult or painful breathing.
essential hypertension Elevated blood pressure of unknown cause that develops for no apparent reason; sometimes called primary hypertension.
febrile Pertaining to an elevated body temperature.
homeostasis Internal adaptation and change in response to environmental factors; multiple functions that attempt to keep the body's functions in balance.
hyperpnea An increase in the depth of breathing.
hypertension High blood pressure.
hyperventilation Abnormally prolonged and deep breathing, usually associated with acute anxiety or emotional tension.
hypotension Blood pressure that is below normal (systolic pressure below 90 mm Hg and diastolic pressure below 50 mm Hg).
intermittent pulse A pulse in which beats occasionally are skipped.
orthopnea A condition in which an individual must sit or stand to breathe comfortably.
orthostatic (postural) hypotension A temporary fall in blood pressure when a person rapidly changes from a recumbent position to a standing position.
otitis externa Inflammation or infection of the external auditory canal (swimmer's ear).
peripheral A term that refers to an area outside of or away from an organ or structure.
pulse deficit A condition in which the radial pulse is less than the apical pulse; it may indicate a peripheral vascular abnormality.
pulse pressure The difference between the systolic and the diastolic blood pressures (30 to 50 mm Hg is considered normal).
pyrexia A febrile condition or fever.
rales Abnormal or crackling breath sounds during inspiration.
rhonchi Abnormal rumbling sounds on expiration, which indicate airway obstruction by thick secretions or spasms.
secondary hypertension An elevated blood pressure resulting from another condition, typically kidney disease.
sinus arrhythmia An irregular heartbeat that originates in the sinoatrial node (pacemaker).
spirometer An instrument that measures the volume of air inhaled and exhaled.
stertorous A term that describes a strenuous respiratory effort marked by a snoring sound.
syncope Fainting; a brief lapse in consciousness.
tachycardia A rapid but regular heart rate; one that exceeds 100 beats per minute.
tachypnea A condition marked by rapid, shallow respirations.
thready A term that describes a pulse that is scarcely perceptible.
wheezing A high-pitched sound heard on expiration; it indicates obstruction or narrowing of respiratory passages.
Created by: mrsdancona
 

 



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