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HCT Chapter 16

Alactasia Malabsorption or inability to absorb lactose caused by a deficiency of the enzyme lactase
Bile Fluid that helps digest fat in the small intestine; produced by the liver and stored in the gallbladder
Bolus Rounded mass of food
Bulimia Excessive binge eating, which may be followed by self-induced vomiting or purging
Cholecystectomy Surgical removal of the gallbladder
Chyme Thick, semiliquid contents of stomach during digestion
Defecation Evacuation of waste or fecal material from the rectum
Deglutition Act of swallowing
Emesis Act of vomiting, vomit
Endoscopy Visual inspection of a body cavity using a scope
Enema Liquid instilled into rectum
Flatulence Excessive air or gas in stomach or intestines leading to distention of organs
Ingestion Taking food or medicine into the body through the mouth
Jaundice Yellow appearance resulting from bile pigment stored in the skin and sclera of the eyes
Mastication Process of chewing food
Peristalsis Wavelike series of contractions of the digestive system that propels the contents
Sphincter Ringlike band of muscle that closes a passage or opening
Villus One of many tiny vascular projections on the surface of the small intestine
Created by: mrsdancona