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The Five Themes

Basics to Human Geography Chapter 1 - Five Themes of Geography

Five Themes of Geography Place, Region, Location, Human-Environment Interaction, Spatial Interaction or movement
Place the description of what and how we see and experience a certain aspect of the Earth's surface
Place reflects a perception of uniqueness of a location
Sense of Place infusing a place with meaning and emotion, but remembering important events that occurred in a place
Sense of Place labeling a place with a certain character
Perception of Places belief or understanding about a place
Perception of Places is developed through books, movies, stories, or pictures
Region links places together through the common threads in the landscape
Region can be used to pull different places together
Corn Belt midwestern portion of the United States is characterized by its dependence on agriculture where the main crop is corn.
Bible Belt southern portion of the US where the presence of evangelical christians is prominent
Three Types of Regions formal, functional, perceptual/vernacular
Formal Region region where anything and everything inside has the same characteristic or phenomena - homogeneity
Formal Region where the people share one or more cultural traits - food, belief system, dress, dances, hair styles, language
Formal Region Germany = has a defined political boundary with sovereignty in which inside the people share cultural traits that make them all Germans
Formal Region Corn Belt - has one perdominant crop in the region which is corn
Functional Region the center is the most intense but it loses the characteristics the farther distance is from the focal point
Functional Region the product of interactions of movement of various kinds
Functional Region ex radio station
Functional Region a city - has a sorrounding region in which the workers commute from the downtown area to subsidiary centers
Distance Decay sphere of influence is reduced as the distance increases
Distance Decay mall - people who live closer more often frequent the mall than those who live farther
Perceptual/Vernacular Region intellectual constructs designed to help us understand the nature and distribution of phenomena in human geography
Perceptual/Vernacular Region exist primarily in an individual's perception or feelings
Zelinsky's Article North America's Vernacular regions
Location theme that geographer's use in their analysis of the Earth
Location the geographic position of people and things on the Earths surface and how they affect what happens and why
Relative Location giving their location in reference to another feature on the Earth's surface
Reference Point the feature that is used in reference to one's location
Absolute Location the position of a certain item on the surface of the Earth as expressed in degrees, minutes, and seconds of latitude and longitude
Absolute Location an exact point
Site the absolute location of a place described by local releif, landforms, and other cultural or physical characteristics
Site refers to the internal physical characteristics of a place
Poor Site New Orleans - due to the human habitation is prone to flooding
Situation the relative location of a place in relation to the physical and cultural characteristics of the sorrounding area and the connections and interdependencies within that system
Good Situation New Orleans- being on the base of the Mississippi river which has enabled its growth
Human Environment Interaction theme that describes how people modify or alter the environment to fit individual or societal needs
Human Environment Interaction Las Vegas, Nevada - uilt in the middle of the desert humans have modified the environment around Las Vegas to provide enough water to meet the needs of the city
Five Toos when taken to the extreme makes land uninhabitable
Five Toos too hot, too cold, too wet, too dry, too hilly
Spacial Interaction how well an area is connected to the world determines its importance
Poor Spacial Interaction has lack of transportation connections
High Spacial Interaction New York City - various transportation systems
Created by: torresj
Popular AP Human Geography sets




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