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# Map Basics

### Basics to Human Geography Chapter 1 - Map Basics

Distortion occurs when putting information on a two dimensional map
Distortion the further one goes from the equator, the greater the distortion on the map
Maps the basic tools that geographers use to convey information
Maps are used to determine some types of geographic phenomena
Fundamental Problem of Maps that when attempting to display a three dimensional object on a two dimensional object, paper, distortion occurs
Less Distortion larger scale
Scale the relationship of the size of the map to the amount of area it represents on the planet
Scale the dimension into which one renders the real world
Small Scale is more area in less detail
Large Scale is a smaller areas in greater detail
World smallest scale map
Three Ways to Write a Scale in words, with a line, or with a ratio
Latitude and Longitude grid systems that geographers set up, which are fictional lines that divide the Earth's surface to assist people in determining an exact location
Latitudes are parallel lines that run EAST/WEST on the surface of the Earth
Latitudes parallels
Equator line that runs in the middle of the Earth
Equator 0 degrees latitude
Northern Hemisphere anything north of the equator
Southern Hemisphere anything south of the equator
90 degrees highest degree of latitude
North Pole 90 degrees north
South Pole 90 degrees south
Longitudes are the lines that run NORTH/SOUTH
Longitudes meridians
Prime Meridian 0 degree longitude line
Prime Meridian runs through Greenwich, England
Globe sphere made up of circles
Time zone 15 degrees each
International Dateline about 180 degrees longitude
International Dateline zigzags through the Pacific due to the location of countries
Created by: torresj
Popular AP Human Geography sets

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