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River Valley Notes

TermDefinition
Impact on Geography - Mesopotamia land between the river, also known as Fertile crescent and cradle of civilization floods at least once a year which leaves fertile soil and Sumer first civilization area
Characteristics of Mesopotamian Civilization- Specialize Workers- the top of society, king ,skilled workers merchant ,peasants( farmer and slaves)
Mesopotamia Geography No natural barrier(mountain) which made it easier to attack
Impact on Geography - Egypt bordered on both sides by desert( isolated and protected) annual flood(ferine/ rich soil)-it flooded once a year pharaoh(king god and government) theocracy ( political and religious leader are the same
Indus River Valley annual flooding(wet/dry monsoon) which brings fertile soil seasonal monsoon -summer rains and floods subcontinent(protected by Indian ocean and mountain difficult for people to invade India by foot Karma-good or bad deeds-soul
China began along the Yellow(Huang He) and Yangtze river in North China Only 10% of China is suitable for farming Yellow River flooding was unpredictable- called China Sorrow would destroy entire villages
Government of China Confucianism- ethical system -focused on filial piety The Analects-book explaining China govn't
Impact of Geography - China Annual Flooding (Wet/Dry Monsoon) which brings fertile soil Seasonal Monsoons = Summer Rains and floods Subcontinent (protected by Indian Ocean & Mountain)
Characteristics of Indus River Valley Civilization - Specialized Workers Caste System - Brahmin at top priests and Academics
Characteristics of Indus River Valley Civilization - Record Keeping (Writing) Hieroglyphics (Picture Writing) pictograms and Phonetic Characters
Characteristics of Indus River Valley Civilization - Advanced Technology Plumbing (Private bathrooms with Toilets & Sewers)
Characteristics of Indus River Valley Civilization - Advanced Cities Grid Systems (High Walls & Citadel fort)
Who was the most famous of the advanced city and had sewers Mohenjo- Daro
Characteristics of Indus River Valley Civilization - Complex Institutions Caste System divided people based on their purity in Hinduism.
Reincarnation When your soul is reborn
India Difficult for people to invade India by foot
Karma God or bad deeds - souls Karma affects Reincarnation
China impact of Geography Began along the yellow (Huang He) and Yangtze River in North China.
China Farming Only % of it was suitable for farming
Yellow River Flooding was unpredictable and called China's Sorrow. Would destroy entire villages./
Characteristics of China - Specialized workers Held Peasants higher than artisans and merchants because they produced food.
Characteristics of China - Record Keeping Hieroglyphics ,10,000 characters (hard to learn to write)
Characteristics of China - Advanced Technology - Tools and Weapons were made of Cast Iron
Characteristics of China - Advanced Technology - Currency Standardized coins
Characteristics of China - Advanced Technology - Material (fabric) Silk Production
Characteristics of China - Advanced Technology Connecting North and South China Grand Canal
Characteristics of China - Advanced Cities High Walls for protection
Characteristics of China - Advanced Cities - Building Material Made of Wood
Characteristics of China - Complex Institution (Government) Ruled by Families and Rulers had mandate of Heaven based on the approval of the Gods
Characteristics of China - Complex Institution (Religion) Ancestor Worship - Spirits of the family are prayed too and worshiped.
Middle Kingdom China referred to themselves and rarely traded with others.
Confucianism Ethical System
The Analects book explaining China's Government
Characteristics of Mesopotamian Civilization - Record Keeping Sumerians made 1st writing called Cuneiform Phoenicians simplified cuneiforms to 22 letter alphabet(sounds instead of pic,
Characteristics of Mesopotamian Civilization - Advanced Technology Sumerian Inventions such as Wheel, Sail (boat), plow, and Bronze
Characteristics of Mesopotamian Civilization - Advanced cities Center was a temple (Ziggurat) Protected by high walls
Characteristics of Mesopotamian Civilization - Complex Institution (Government) Babylonian King - Hammurabi
Mesopotamian Civilization Created the first legal code Hammurabi's code based on justice
Characteristics of Mesopotamian Civilization - Complex Institution (Religion) Sumerians and Babylonians were polytheistic
Polytheistic More than one God
Egypt Is along Nile river is North Africa
Characteristics of Egyptian Civilization - Specialized workers Pharaoh (King God and Government )
Characteristics of Egyptian Civilization - Record Keeping Pictograms and Hieroglyphics
Pictograms Letters made with pictures
Characteristics of Egyptian Civilization - Advanced Technology 365 day calendar Geometry Astronomy Pyramids
Characteristics of Egyptian Civilization - Advanced Cities Built large Pyramids and tombs
Characteristics of Egyptian Civilization Complex Institution Polytheistic (Many Gods)
Theocracy Political and religious leader are the same
Created by: spotsville2