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River Valleys

Fertile Crescent An arc of fertile farmland in Southwest Asia between the Persian Gulf and the Mediterranean Sea.
Silt Fine rich soil carried in the water of rivers and left behind after a flood.
Civilization A form of culture characterized by cities, specialized workers, complex institutions, record keeping an advanced technology.
Hereditary Something passed from one generation to another.
Delta Marshy region formed by deposits of silt at the mouth of a river.
Cultural diffusion The spreading and exchange of ideas and products from one culture to another.
City-state A City and its surrounding lands functioning as an independent political unit.
Kingdom A country whose ruler is a king or queen.
Code System of laws or symbols.
Centralized government A Government in which power is concentrated in a central authority,which local governments are subject,
Empire A major political unit with a large territory under one ruler.
Class systems Groups or ranks in society.
Dynasty A series of rulers from the same family.
Pharoah A king of ancient Egypt, considered a god, as well as, a political and military leader.
Ziggurat Sumerian temple, tiered and pyramid-shaped with a long staircase.
Code of Hammurabi 282 laws established by military leader Hammurabi; that dealt with everything that affected the community.
Cuneiform Sumerian writing made by pressing a wedge-shaped tool into clay tablets.
Polytheism Belief in many gods.
Cataract A waterfall or steak of rapids on a river.
Loess A fertile deposit of windblown soil (China)
Oracle of Bones An animal or turtle shells used by Chinese priests to communicate with the gods.
Mandate of Heaven In Chinese history, the divine approval thought to be the basis of royal authority.
Hieroglyphics Ancient egyptian writing system where pictures represent ideas and sound.
Monsoon A wind that shifts direction at certain times of year (causing massive rain.)
Ten Commandments Laws of the Bible delivered to the Hebrews by Moses; the basis of civil and religious laws of Judaism.
Monotheism The belief in one God.
Papyrus A tall weed that grows in the Nile Delta; used by acient Egytians to make a paper-like material.
Torah The Hebrew holy book.
Judaism Monotheistic religion of the Jews.
Exile Enforced removal from one's native county.
Created by: MMS 8th