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SW Asia History Voca

1.6 SW Asia Middle East History Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Ottoman Empire a former Turkish empire that was founded about 1300 by Osman and reached its greatest territorial extent under Suleiman in the 16th century.
Zionism A worldwide Jewish movement that resulted in the establishment and development of the state of Israel.
Anti-Semitism discrimination against or prejudice or hostility toward Jews.
Operation Desert Storm the codename for the US-led UN operation to liberate Kuwait from Iraq
Persian Gulf War A war between the forces of the United Nations, led by the United States, and those of Iraq that followed Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein 's invasion of Kuwait in August 1990.
Holocaust The Holocaust was the systematic, bureaucratic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its collaborators. Holocaust is a word of Greek origin meaning "sacrifice by fire."
Invasion of Iraq The 2003 Invasion of Iraq lasted from 19 March to 1 May 2003 and signaled the start of the Iraq War, which was dubbed Operation Iraqi Freedom by the United States The invasion consisted of 21 days of major combat operations.
Operation Iraqi Freedom Operation Iraqi Freedom was the largest of several active fronts in the Bush administration's War on Terrorism. Other. Operation Iraqi Freedom began on 3 March 2003 with the removal of the Ba'athist regime of Saddam Hussein.
Palestine Also called Holy Land. Biblical name Canaan. an ancient country in SW Asia, on the E coast of the Mediterranean.
Palestinian and Israeli Conflict Ongoing conflict between Israelis and Palestinians that began in the mid-20th century over land that is now occupied mostly by Israel.
United Nations an international organization, with headquarters in New York City, formed to promote international peace, security, and cooperation under the terms of the charter signed by 51 founding countries in San Francisco in 1945.
Taliban a Muslim fundamentalist group in Afghanistan.
Creation of Israel Creation of Israel, 1948. On May 14, 1948
Al-Qaeda a radical Sunni Muslim organization dedicated to the elimination of a Western presence in Arab countries and militantly opposed to Western foreign policy: founded by Osama bin Laden in 1988.
Osama Bin Laden Arab militant leader: founder of al-Qaeda.
Saddam Hussein Iraqi political leader. Invaded Kuwait
ISIS a radical Sunni Muslim organization whose aim is to restore an Islamic state, or caliphate, in the region encompassing Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, the Palestinian territories, and southeastern Turkey.
Created by: shmsz