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WH: Chapter 3

The Reformation in Europe 1517-1600

Christian Humanism a movement that developed in northern Europe during the Renaissance, combining classical learning and individualism with the goal of reforming the Catholic Church
fundamental basic or essential
parish priest In the Catholic Church, a pastor appointed by the bishop to represent the local parish, which is a collection of neighborhoods in one small region of a county within a given state.
external outward or observable
relic in religion,; usually consists of the physical remains of a saint or the personal effects of the saint or venerated person preserved for purposes of veneration as a tangible memorial
slavation the state of being saved (that is, going to heaven) through faith alone or through faith and good works
indulgence a release from all or part of punishment for sin by the Catholic Church, reducing time in purgatory after death
valid well-grounded or justifiable
Lutheranism the religious doctrine that Martin Luther developed; it differed from Catholicism in the doctrine of salvation, which Luther believed could be achieved by faith alone, not by good works; Lutheranism was the first Protestant faith
imperial diet general assembly, of the Imperial Estates of the Holy Roman Empire
papal of or relating to a pope or to the papacy.
publish to print for distribution
justification process of being justified, or deemed worthy of salvation by God
predestination belief that God has determined in advance who will be saved (the elect) and who will be damned (the reprobate)
annul declare invalid
community a group of people with common interests and characteristics living together within a larger society
Anabaptist Christians who believe in delaying baptism until the candidate confesses his or her faith in Christ, as opposed to being baptized as an infant. The Amish, Hutterites, and Mennonites are direct descendants of the movement.
Catholic a member of the Roman Catholic Church
ghetto formerly a district in a city in which Jews were required to live