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Unit 1: What is Geo?

AP world geography study guide

geography geo- Earth graphy- Write study of earth
human geography why, how human activity affects or influenced by the earths surface
physical geography where, natural features and process
spatial perspective geographers perspective of the world scale of analysis= geographic scale spatial distribution= spread of earths surface spatial interaction= connectivity and accessibility
types of scales ratio, fraction, written out
types of projection cylindrical, conic, planar, oval
why? where? human: religion, business, city organization. physical: climate, land forms, vegitation
cartography science of map making
five themes of geography place, location, region, human/environment interaction, movement
place unique or sense of place example: fruit stand
location exact spot on the Earth's surface example: a) absolute location- 35N, 85W b) relative location- directions
Eratosthenes (Greek) coined "geography", accurately circumferenced the Earth
Ptolemy (Greek) published Guide to Geography in second century AD, rough maps: landmasses and global grid system
Al-idrisi (Muslim) accurate map of the world in 1154
Christopher Columbus discovered the new world using maps, made new maps, notes and pictures of new plants and animals, notes and pictures of indigenous people, Earth was proven to be round
Magellan first explorer to circumnavigate the globe using maps
friction of distance it's caused by two places losing connectivity and accessibility due to their absolute distance apart (miles, km)
remote sensing scanning of the earth by satellite or high-flying aircraft
systematic geography study of one region and looks at spatial variations in all parts of the globe: studies the earth's integrated systems as a whole focusing on a phenomena across the globe instead of in one place
cultural ecology study of human adaptations to social and physical environment
cultural landscape geographic areas associated to social with a historic event activity, or person or exhibiting other cultural values
qualitative data info about qualities, not measured
quantitative data expressing a certain quantity, amount or range, measures associated
natural landscape land before acted upon by human culture
spatial interaction dynamic flow from one place to another
spatial perspective geographical concept of where things happen on Earth in space and in different places
globalization vs local diversity world government, diversity is to make globalization easier and allow input from other cultures
region any location with a boundary around it
human-environment interactions human activity
movement human, goods, and ideas
geographic scale individual, local, regional, global
space distance and distribution of characteristics
connections (connectivity) technology, culture, music
access (accessibility) distance decay, friction of distance
distance decay effect distance hinders interactions between places (spatial interaction)
map scale relationship between the size on the map and the actual size on the Earths surface
distortion shape, distance, relative size, direction
high resolution large scale map (1:5000)
low resolution small scale map (1:50000000)
GIS vs GPS GIS- thematic layer GPS- exact location
Space- Time compression geographers define as the reduction in time it takes for something to reach another place
what happened in 1950? new technology has made the world more accessible and connected
gravity model when two places are equal to the product of the places populations divide by the square of their distance apart
physical geographers Eratosthenes and Columbus were mainly cartographers
environmental geographers W.D. Pattison and Marsh focused on sustainability or how long can land support people
cultural geographers Carl Sauer
Created by: libbybu
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