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Ancient Rome

TermDefinition
Julius Caesar Roman general that conquered Gaul (France), proclaimed dictator for life, assassinated in 44 B.C.
Colosseum large Roman building that inspired the design of modern stadiums
Hannibal general from Carthage who invaded Italy in the Second Punic War
Pax Romana period from 27 B.C. to 180 A.D., known as the "Roman peace"
Tiber River river where the city of Rome was founded
Aeneas figure in Roman mythology whose journey led to the founding of Rome
Octavius (Augustus) First Roman emperor, nephew of Julius Caesar
Romulus and Remus twin brothers who are considered the traditional founders of Rome
Hadrian Roman emperor who focused on defending lands and protecting borders, wall in Great Britain is named after him
legions military units of Roman army
Cicero famous orator and statesmen in Rome, exiled for putting citizens to death without a trial
Republic A political system in which people elect leaders to govern them.
Dictator A ruler who has almost absolute power.
Plebeians The common people of ancient Rome.
Patricians The nobility in Roman society.
Roman Senate A council of wealthy and powerful citizens who advised Rome’s leaders.
Latin The language of the Romans
Forum A Roman public meeting place
Aqueduct A human-made raised channel that carries water from distant places.
Christianity a religion based on the teachings of Jesus of Nazareth that developed in Judea at the beginning of the first century AD
Created by: mandy.safriet