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Chapter 10

Heart and abbreations

heart muscular cone shaped organ
atrioventricular valves consist of the tricuspid and mitral valves which lie between the right atrium and the right ventricle
semilunar valves pulmonary an aortic valves located between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery and between the left ventricle and the aorta
perticardium two layer sac surrounding the heart
epicardium covers the heart
myocardium middle thick musclar layer
endocardium inner lining of the heart
blood vessels tube like structures that carry blood through out the body
arteries blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
aorta largest artery in the body originating at the left ventricle and descending through the thorax and abdomen
veins blood vessels that carry blood back to the heart
venules smallest veins
vena cavae largest veins in the body
capillaries microscopic blood vessels that connect arterioles with venules
blood fluid circulated through the heart arteries capillaries and veins composed of plasma and formed elements
plasma clear straw colored liquid portion of blood in which cells are suspended
erythrocytes red blood cells that carry oxygen
leukocytes white blood cells that combat infection and respond to inflammation
platelets one of the formed elements in the blood that is responsible for aiding in the clotting process
serum clear watery fluid portion of the blood that remains after a clot has formed
ACS acute coronary syndrome
AFib artial fibrillation
AV atrioventrricular
BP blood pressure
CABG coronary artery bypass graft
CAD coronary artery disease
CBC and DIFF complete blood count and differential
CCU coronary care unit
CPK creatine phosphokinase
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CRP C- reactive protiein
DSA digital subtraction angiography
DVT deep vein thrombosis
ECG, EKG eletrocardiogram
ECHO echocardiogram
Hct hematocrit
Hgb hemoglobin
HF heart failure
HHD hypertentsive heart disease
ICD implantable cardiac defibrillator
IPG impedance plethysmography
IV intravenous
MI myocardial infraction
PAD peripheral arterial disease
PT prothromin time
PTCA percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
RBC red blood cells
SPECT single photon emission computerd tompgraphy
TEE transesophageal echordiogram
WBC white blood cells
lymph transparent colorless tissue fluid contains lymphocytes and monocytes and flows in one way direction to the heart
lymphatic vessels transports lymph from body tissue to a large vein in the chest
lymph nodes small spherical bodies composed of lymphoid tissue
spleen located in the left side of the abdominal cavity between the stomach and the diaphragm
thymus gland one of the primary lymphatic organs it is located anterior to the ascending aorta and posterior to the sternum
angi/o vessel
aort/o aorta
arteri/o artery
cardi/o heart
lymph/o lymph, lymph tissue
lymphaden/o lymph node
myel/o bone marrow
phleb/o, ven/o vein
plasm/o plasma
splen/o spleen
thym/o thymus gland
valv/o, valvul/o valve
ventricul/o ventricle
ather/o yellowish, fatty plaque
ech/o sound
eletr/o electricity, electrical activity
isch/o deficiency, blockage
therm/o heat
thromb/o clot
brandy- slow
pan- all, total
-ac pertaining to
-apheresis removal
-penia abnormal reduction in number
-poiesis formation
-scierosis hardening
Created by: Jenfaith
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