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Integumentary Review

TermDefinition
Define Skin and it's important function. - largest organ in the body - provides sensory information, regulates body temperature, prevents dehydration, food/water reservoir
First Degree Burn - aka superficial - only injury epidermis - erythema and hyperesthia
Immunotherapy - aka biotherapy - newer treatment that stimulates body's own immune defenses to fight tumour cells
In situ v.s invasive -confined to original site vs. - penetrates surrounding tissue
Sebaceous Glands - cause acne - secretes sebum - everywhere but soles and palm of hands
Second Degree Burn - aka partial thickness - damages epidermis and dermis - vesicles or bullae form
Subcutaneous Layer - hypodermis - binds dermis to underlying structures - store fat, insulates and cushions body
Third Degree Burn - aka full thickness burn - epidermis and dermis destroyed - waxy and charred
How is hair colour determined? amount of pigments produced by melanocytes
Two important sublayers of the epidermis and where they are located stratum corneum = outermost basal layer = innermost
What do meloncytes produce and what is their function? - melanin - protects skin from damaging effects
What happens to new skin cells as they move towards the stratum coreum? they die
What is a dermatologist specializes in diagnosis and treatment of skin disease
what is a pathologist they grade and stage tumours
What is the most common type of skin cancer? Basal cell carcinoma
trichomycosis abnormal condition of hair fungus
pallor absence of colour in the skin
urticaria allergic reaction of the skin characterized by eruption of pale, elevated patches
neoplasm any new and abnormal growth
impetigo bacterial skin infection
alopecia baldness
hemangioma benign tumour of dilated blood vessels
malignant cancerous
eczema chronic inflammatory skin condition
integument covering
tinea fungal skin infection; ring worm
pediculosis infestation with lice
onychia inflammation of nail bed
thelitis inflammation of the nipple
dermatitis inflammation of the skin
acne inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands
pruritis intense itching
vitiligo loss of skin pigmentation
petechia minute, pinpoint hemorrhage under the skin
gangrene death, decay of tissue
benign non-cancerous
cicatrix normal scarring
congenital noted at birth
subcutaneous under the skin
abscess pus at the sight of infection
keloid raised firm, thickened scar
erythema redness of the skin
crustation scab
abrasion scrape
dermotoplasty skin grafting
lentigo small brown macules
comedo small skin lesion of acne
pressure ucler sore that prevents blood flow to tissues
mycology study of fungus
pachyderma thick skin
psoriasis thick, dry, silvery scales cause by excessive development of the basal layer
fulguration tissue destruction by electric current
albinism total absence of pigment in skin, hair and eyes
xenograft transplantation from a foreign donor
verruca warts
Created by: amcarron13
 

 



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