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Chapter 8

Female Reproductive system and abbreviations

ovaries pair of almond shaped organs located in the pelvic cavity
ovum or pl: ova female egg cell
graafian follicles 100,000 microscopic sacs that make up a large portion of the ovaries
uterine or fallopian tubes pair of tubes attached to the uterus that provide a passageway for the ovum to move from the ovary to the uterus
fimbria pl: fimbriae finger-like projection at the free end of the uterine tube
uterus pear sized and pear shaped muscular organ that lies in the pelvic cavity
endometrium inner lining of the uterus
myometrium muscular middle layer of the uterus
perimetrium outer thin layer that covers the surface of the uterus
corpus or body large central portion of the uterus
fundus rounded upper portion of the uterus
cervix narrow lower portion of the uterus
vagina a three inch tube that connects the uterus to the out side of the body
hymen fold of membrane found near the opening of the vagina
rectouterine pouch cavity between the posterior wall of the uterus and the anterior wall
bartholin glands pair of mucus-producing glands located on each side of the vagina and just above the vaginal opening
mammary glands or breasts pair of milk producing glands of the female
mammary papilla breast nipple
areola pigmented area around the breast nipple
vulva or external genitalia two pairs of lips surround the vagina
clitoris highly erogenous erectile body located anterior to the urethra
perineum pelvic floor in both the male and female
arche/o first beginning
cervic/o cervix
colp/o or vagin/o vagina
culd/o cul-de-sac
episi/o or gyn/o woman
hymen/o hymen
hyster/o or metr/o or metr/i uterus
mamm/o or mast/o breast
men/o menstruation
oophor/o ovary
perine/o perineum
salping/o uterine tube
peri- surrounding
-atresia absence of a normal body opening occlusion or closure
-salpinx uterine tube
A&P repair anterior and posterior colpoorhaphy
BC birth control
Cx cervix
D&C dilation and curettage
FCC fibrocystic breast condition
GYN gynecology
HRT hormone replacement therapy
IUD intrauterine device
LAVH laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy
PID pelvic inflammatory disease
PMS premenstrual syndrome
SHG sonohysterography
TAH/BSO total abdominal hysterectomy/bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
TSS toxic shock syndrome
TVH total vaginal hysterectomy
TVS transvaginal sonography
UAE uterine artery embolization
Created by: Jenfaith