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chapter one terms

world history

TermDefinition
Artifact an object made by a human being, typically an item of cultural or historical interest.
culture the arts and other manifestations of human intellectual achievement regarded collectively.
Technology the application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes, especially in industry.
hunter- gatherer a member of a nomadic people who live chiefly by hunting, fishing, and harvesting wild food.
neolithic revolution wide-scale transition of many human cultures from a lifestyle of hunting and gathering to one of agriculture and settlement, allowing the ability to handle an increasingly larger population.
domestication he process of adapting wild plants and animals for human use. Domestic species are raised for food, work, clothing, medicine, and many other uses.
ciliviation the process by which a society or place reaches an advanced stage of social development and organization.
specialization structural adaptation of a body part to a particular function or of an organism for life in a particular environmentb
institution a society or organization founded for a religious, educational, social, or similar purpose.
bronze age time period characterized by the use of bronze, proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization.
ziggurat a rectangular stepped tower, sometimes surmounted by a temple. Ziggurats are first attested in the late 3rd millennium BC and probably inspired the biblical story of the Tower of Babel
barter the action or system of exchanging goods or services without using money.
artisan a worker in a skilled trade, especially one that involves making things by hand.
scribes a person who copies out documents, especially one employed to do this before printing was invented.
cuneiform denoting or relating to the wedge-shaped characters used in the ancient writing systems of Mesopotamia, Persia, and Ugarit, surviving mainly impressed on clay tablets.
Catal Huyuk archaeological site in what is now south-central Turkey. Along with Jericho, it's considered one of the oldest cities in the world, dating from almost 7500 BC.
slash and burning farming method of agriculture used in the tropics, in which forest vegetation is felled and burned, the land is cropped for a few years, then the forest is allowed to reinvade.
nomads a member of a people having no permanent abode, and who travel from place to place to find fresh pasture for their livestock.
hominid a primate of a family ( Hominidae ) that includes humans and their fossil ancestors.
lucy Lucy is the most complete australopith skeleton yet discovered, being about 40 percent intact.
Created by: cheyenne1242