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The Muscular System
|The long head of the biceps femoris muscle originates on the
|Both heads of the biceps femoris muscle
|flex the leg at the knee
|The biceps femoris is located in the
|The two heads of the biceps brachii combine to insert on the
|The anterior muscles of the thigh that originate on the os coxae are
|sartorius; rectus femoris
|All fibers of the pectoralis major muscle converge on the lateral edge of the
|True or False: The anterior axial muscle that crosses the glenohumeral joint is the pectoralis major muscle.
|The posterior axial muscle that crosses the glenohumeral joint is the
|The deltoid muscle fibers are separated into
|anterior, middle, and posterior
|The middle fibers of the deltoid muscle
|abduct the arm
|The origin of the external obliques includes ribs
|five through twelve
|The origins of the lateral head of the gastrocnemius muscle are the
|lateral condyle and posterior surface of the femur
|The gastrocnemius muscle is innervated by the
|The two heads of the gastrocnemius muscle converge to insert onto
|The majority of the fibers of the gluteus maximus insert onto the
|The gluteus maximus is the most powerful muscle during
|The actions of the internal obliques include
|compression of the abdomen to assist in forced expiration
|The latissimus dorsi inserts
|on the intertubercular groove of the humerus
|One of the actions of the latissimus dorsi muscle is to
|adduct the arm
|The masseter muscle originates on the
|medial surfaces of the maxilla and the zygomatic arch as well as the inferior border of the zygomatic arch
|The masseter is innervated by the _____________ branch of the trigeminal nerve.
|The muscle that generates the most power during elbow flexion is the
|The prime mover of elbow extension is the
|The actions of the muscles that cross the hip do not include
|The origins of the rectus abdominus muscle are on the
|The origin of the rectus femoris is the
|anterior inferior iliac spine
|The rectus femoris muscle extends the leg at the
|A prime mover (agonist)
|is primarily responsible for a movement
|Muscles are named based on all the criteria below except
|color of muscles
|This large, fan-shaped muscle of the upper chest is the prime mover of arm flexion.
|Commonly referred to as the ________, this muscle group on the posterior thigh extends the hip.
|This name reveals the number of the muscle's origins.
|The names of these muscles tell you their actions.
|adductor magnus and extensor digitorum
|A muscle that is responsible for producing a particular movement is a(n)
|Skeletal muscles are named on the basis of
|size, length ,location and shape of the muscle
|When a muscle contracts, the __________ moves toward the __________.
|Which of the following is NOT a general action of the muscles of the upper limb? wrist and hand movement forearm movement elbow movement stabilization of the clavicle
|stabilization of the clavicle
|Fixator muscles function to
|immobilize the origin of a prime mover
|A synergistic muscle would aid a(n)
|The temporalis muscle is palpable when you
|clench your teeth
|what muscle helps with puckering the lips
|what muscle helps with blinking and squinting
|what muscle helps with compressing the cheek
|what muscle helps with smiling
|zygomaticus major and minor
|what muscle helps with raising the eyebrows
|epicranius frontal belly
|what muscle helps with rotating the head
|what muscle is located in the shoulder
|what muscle is located in the upper chest
|what muscle is located in the medial abdominal region
|what muscle is located in the superficial lateral abdominal region
|what muscle is located in the thoracic floor
|The major adductor of the arm is the
|The prime mover of arm abduction is the
|Which muscle is the prime mover for arm flexion?
|triceps brachii is responsible for what function
|biceps brachii is responsible for what function
|flexor carpi radialis is responsible for what function
|extensor digitorum is responsible for what function
|gastrocnemius is responsible for what function
|tibialis anterior is responsible for what function
|flexor hallucis longus is responsible for what function
|great toe flexion and foot inversion
|extensor digitorum longus is responsible for what function
|tibialis posterior is responsible for what function
|gluteus maximus is responsible for what function
|hip extension: stair climbing
|rectus femoris is responsible for what function
|knee extension: thigh flexion
|gluteus medius is responsible for what function
|biceps femoris is responsible for what function
|The bundles of muscle fibers within a skeletal muscle are called
|True or False Levers make muscle action more versatile by all changing the location of the muscle’s insertion
|The more movable end of a muscle is the
|The muscles of facial expression are innervated by cranial nerve
|The strongest masticatory muscle is the ___________ muscle.
|The muscle that rotates the eye medially is the ___________ muscle
|Important flexors of the vertebral column that act in opposition to the erector spinae are the ___________ muscles.
|The major extensor of the elbow is the ___________ muscle.
|The muscles that rotate the radius without producing either flexion or extension of the elbow are the ___________ muscles.
|pronator teres and supinator
|The powerful flexors of the hip are the ___________ muscles. (a) piriformis, (b) obturator, (c) pe
|Knee extensors known as the quadriceps consist of the
|three vastus muscles and the rectus femoris muscle
|List the four fascicle organizations that produce the different patterns of skeletal muscles.
|parallel, convergent, pennate, and circular
|What is an aponeurosis?
|a collagenous sheet connecting two muscles
|What are two examples of an aponeurosis?
|epicranial aponeurosis and linea alba
|Which four muscle groups make up the axial musculature?
|muscles of the head and neck, muscles of the vertebral column, oblique and rectus muscles, and muscles of the pelvic floor.
|What three functions are accomplished by the muscles of the pelvic floor?
|) support the organs of the pelvic cavity, (2) flex joints of the sacrum and coccyx, and (3) control movement of materials through the urethra
|On which bones do the four rotator cuff muscles originate and insert?
|The supraspinatus, infraspinatus, and teres minor originate on the posterior body of the scapula, and the subscapularis originates on the anterior body of the scapula. All four muscles insert on the humerus.
|What three functional groups make up the muscles of the lower limbs?
|(1) muscles that move the thigh, (2) muscles that move the leg, and (3) muscles that move the foot and toes.
|Of the following actions, the one that illustrates that of a second-class lever is
|True or False: Compartment syndrome can result from compressing a nerve in the wrist
|Compartment syndrome can result from:
|compartments swelling with blood due to an injury involving blood vessels, torn ligaments in a given compartment, pulled tendons in the muscles of a given compartment, torn muscles in a particular compartment.
|A(n) ___________ develops when an organ protrudes through an abnormal opening.
|Elongated bursae that reduce friction and surround the tendons that cross the dorsal and ventral surfaces of the wrist form ___________.
|synovial tendon sheaths
|Muscle fibers in a skeletal muscle form bundles called