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Unit 1.3

SW Asia Middle East Culture/Religion

TermDefinition
Religious Group Shares a belief system in a God or gods, with a specific set of rituals and literature.
Ethnic Group A group of people who share cultural ideas and beliefs that have been a part of their community for generations.
Culture The way a group of people live. Includes the way they dress, where they live, what they eat, and their religion.
Judaism Monotheistic religion, founded by Abraham, the holy writing is the Torah, and their God is called Yahweh.
Islam It is a monotheistic religion that was founded by Muhammad. Its holy cities are Mecca and Medina, their holy text is the Qur'an, and they worship the god Allah.
Christianity This movement grew out of Judaism. It was founded by Jesus Christ. Their holy text is the Bible, and their holy city is Jerusalem.
Kurds Live in several different countries is Southwest Asia, speak Kurdish, and have their own history, literature, music, and traditions.
Monotheism The doctrine or belief that there is only one God.
Persians Live in the modern country of Iran, are descended from Indo Europeans, and speak Farsi.
Arabs Believe themselves to be descended from Abraham, they make up the majority of the population of Southwest Asia and they speak Arabic.
Abraham Founder of Judaism, connected in some way to all three major religions of Southwest Asia.
Muhammad Founder of Islam, prophet of Allah.
Jesus Christ Founder of Christianity, taught of a personal relationship with God. Many followers of Christianity believe is the son of God.
Mosque The place Muslims go to worship and pray
Church The place Christians go to pray and worship
Synagogue Jewish religious center and place of worship
Created by: shmsz