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Online Vocab Study G

QuestionAnswer
Government the system or form by which a community or other political unit is governed
Democracy A political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
Oligarchy Government by a privileged few
Aristocracy A government in which power is in the hands of hereditary ruling class or nobility
Citizens Community members who owe loyalty to the government
Direct Democracy A former democracy in which the people as a whole make direct decisions
Monarchy State ruled over by a single person as a king or queen
Philosophers A thinker who uses logic and reason to investigate the nature of the universe
Plato Student of Socrates wrote the republic about the perfectly governed society
Natural Laws The concept as stated by John Locke that all people are born with certain rights such as life, liberty, and property
Republic 6th-1st century bc A series of kings ruled Rome then in 509 B.C. a group of roman aristocrats over through a harsh king they set up a new government calling it the republiv
Senate In ancient Rome the supreme government body was made up only of aristrocrats
Code of Justinian The collection of laws that were taken from old Roman Law and rewritten so that they could be understud
Justinian Emperor in the 6th century who took over lots of land for Rome
Torah The scroll of parchment on which the first five books of the Hebrew scripture was written
Abraham Founder of Judaism who according to the bible led his family from UR to Canaan in obedience to gods command
God Supernatural being conceived as the perfect and omnipotent and omniscient originator and ruler of the universe
Judism A religion with a belief in one god it originated with Abraham and the Hebrew people
Bible The book that contains the writings or scriptures that Christians recognize as the written word of god
Moises The Hebrew prophet who led the Israelites from Egypt across the red sea on a journey known as exodus
10 Comandments A set of laws for responsible behavior which according to the bible where given to Moses by god
Prophets People who are said to receive messages from god to be taught to others
Jesus of Nazareth A teacher and prophet born in Bethlehem and active in Nazareth his life in sermons form the basis for Christianity
Christianity A monotheistic system of beliefs and practices based on the old testament and the teachings of Jesus
Islam The monotheistic religion of Muslims founded in Arabia in the 7th century and based on the teaches of Mohammed as laid down in the Koran
Monotheistic Religion Belief system in which one supreme being is revered as creator and arbiter of all that exists in the universe
Common Law A system of jurisprudence based on judicial precedents rather than statutory laws
Magna Carta, 1215 An English document draw up by nobles under king John which limited the power of the king
English Bill of Rights King William and Queen Mary accepted this document in 1689 it guaranteed certain rights to english citizens.
Created by: AlessandroV