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Ch2 & 3 Rubenstein

Ch2/3 Rubenstein Vocab

Demography The scientific study of population characteristics
Ecumene A portion of the Earth occupied by permanent human settlement
Arithmetic Density Total number of people divided by the total land area
Physiological Density Number of people per unit of land suitable for agriculture
Agricultural Density Number of farmers per unit of land suitable for agriculture
Crude Birth Rate (CBR) Total number of live births per year for every 1,000 people alive
Crude Death Rate (CDR) Total number of deaths per year for every 1,000 people alive
Natural Increase Rate (NIR) The percentage by which a population grows each year
Doubling Time Number of years needed to double a population
Infant Mortallity Rate (IMR) Annual number of deaths of infants under 1 year of age per 1000 people in the population
Life Expectancy The average number of years a newborn can hope to live at birth
Demographic Transition Similar processes of change in society's population broken down into 4 stages
Agricultural Revolution Burst of population growth around 8000 B.C. where humans domesticated plants and animals.
Emigration Migration FROM a location
Zero Population Growth (ZPG) When birth rate equals death rate
Population Pyramid Graphic that shows percentage of the total population by age group and gender
Dependency Ratio Ratio of the number of people to old or young to work compared to people in productive years
Chain Migration Migration of people to a specific location because relatives previously migrated there
Age-sex Distribution percent of total population or population of each sex, at each age.
Total Fertility Rate (TFR) Average number of children a woman will have during childbearing years
Medical Revolution Late 20th century push of countries into stage 2 caused by new medical technology
Epidemiologic Transition Focuses on distinctive causes of death in each demographic transition model
Immigration Migration INTO a location
Overpopulation The number of people in an area exceeds the capacity of the environment to support life at a decent standard of living
Industrial Revolution A conjunction of major industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods and delivering them to market-1750
Carrying Capacity The number of people a region can support based on amount of available resources
Neo-Malthusian Supporter of Thomas Malthus's theory
Thomas Malthus Proposed theory about population growth: population grows more rapidly than food supply.
Interregional Migration Permanent movement within a particular country
International Migration Permanent movement from one country to another
Intraregional Migration Permanent movement within a region of a country
Net Migration difference between the level of immigration and emigration
Pull factors induces people to move into a new location
Push factors induces people to move out of a location
Refugees people who have been forced to migrate from their homes and cannot return because of fear of persecution of race, religion, nationality, membership in a group, or political opinion
Brain Drain Large-scale emigration by talented people
Created by: WestonSandfort