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Digestion- Reverse Definitions

TermDefinition
ulcer a lesion of the skin or mucous membrane which frequently develops in the duodenum or stomach
occult blood a test in which stool samples are collected to determine gastrointestinal bleeding
ascites abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen
hernia abnormal protrusion of an organ or tissue through the structures that normally contain it
deglutition act of swallowing
gallbladder an organ below the liver which stores and empties bile through its ducts into the small intestine
pancreas an organ which uses ducts to provide exocrine secretions to the duodenum to aid in digestion
regurgitation backward flowing, as in the rectum of solids or fluids to the mouth from the stomach
mastication chewing
fecalith fecal concretion
cecum first 2-3" of the large intestine
ascending colon first portion of the colon, extending from the lower border of the liver
cholelithiasis formation of gallstones
flatus gas in the GI tract
ulcerative colitis inflammation and ulceration of the innermost lining of the colon
diverticulitis inflammation of a sac-like bulge that may develop in the wall of the large intestine
stomatitis inflammation of the mouth of the stomach
anorexia lack or loss of appetite, resulting in the inability to eat
rectum last portion of the GI tract
ileum lower division of the small intestine
serum bilirubin measurement of the level of bilirubin in the blood
halitosis offensive or "bad" breath
proctologist one who specializes in diseases of the colon, rectum and anus
melena passage of dark coloured, tarry stools, due to the presence of blood altered by intestinal juices
steatorrhea passage of fat in large amounts in the feces
celiac pertaining to the abdomen
buccal pertaining to the cheek
lithotripsy procedure for crushing a stone
eructation producing gas from the stomach
peristalsis progressive, wavelike movement
barium swallow radiographic examination of the esophagus, stomach and small intestine
barium enema radiographic examination of the rectum and colon
cholecystogram radiographic record of the gallbladder
borborygmus rumbling or gurgling noises that are audible at a distance
cirrhosis scarring and dysfunction of the liver
jejunum second division of the small intestine
transverse colon second portion of the colon that passes horizontally across the abdomen toward the spleen
obstipation severe constipation
pyloric stenosis structure or narrowing of the pyloric sphincter
enterostomy surgical formation of an opening from the small intestine through the abdominal wall
ileostomy surgical formation of an opening from the ileum through the abdominal wall
anastomosis surgical joining of 2 ducts, vessels, or bowel segments to allow flow from one to another
cheiloplasty surgical repair of the lip
aerophagia swallowing air
liver the largest glandular organ
diarrhea the passage of unformed watery bowel movements
ingest to eat
hematemesis vomiting of blood
malabsorption when nutrients are digested but are not taken in by the intestinal tissues
leukoplakia white patches that form on the tongue, lips or cheek
Created by: lauravan
 

 



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