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Orange Module

Short List Terminology Review

TermDefinition
abdomin/o abdomen
acid/o acid
acr/o extremities
aer/o air
an/o anus
append/o appendix
appendic/o appendix
bil/i bile, gall
bucc/o cheek
cec/o cecum
cheil/o lip
chol/e bile, gall
cholangi/o bile vessel
cholecyst/o gallbladder
choledoch/o bile duct
chrom/o colour
col/o colon
colon/o colon
cyan/o blue
dent/o teeth
duoden/o duodenum
enter/o intestine
esophag/o esophagus
eti/o cause
gastr/o stomach
gingiv/o gum (s)
gloss/o tongue
glott/o glottis
hepat/o liver
hist/o tissue
idi/o unknown, peculiar
ile/o ileum
inguin/o groin
jejun/o jejunum
labi/o lip
leuk/o white
lingu/o tongue
lip/o fat
lipid/o fat
lith/o stone, calculus
maxill/o maxilla
morph/o form, shape, structure
myx/o mucus
odent/o teeth
odont/o teeth
or/o mouth
orth/o straight
palat/o palate
pancreat/o pancreas
path/o disease
pelv/i pelvis
pelv/o pelvis
peritone/o peritoneum
pharmaceutic/o drug, medicine
pharyng/o pharnyx
polyp/o small growth
proct/o anus, rectum
proxim/o near, nearest
ptyal/o saliva
pylor/o pylorus
rect/o rectum
sial/o saliva, saliva gland
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
steat/o fat
stomat/o mouth
therm/o heat
tonsill/o tonsils
uvul/o uvula
ventr/o belly, belly side
viscer/o internal oragns
-ac pertaining to
-al pertaining to
-algia pain
-ar pertaining to
-cele hernia, swelling
-cyte cell
-duction act of leading, bringing, conducting
-ectomy excision, removal
-emesis vomiting
-genesis forming, producing, origin
-gnosis knowing
-gram record, writing
-graph instrument for recording
-iasis abnormal condition
-ic pertaining to
-ice noun ending
-ior pertaining to
-ism condition
-ist specialist
-itis inflammation
-listhesis slipping
-lith stone, calculus
-logist specialist in the study of
-logy study of
-lysis separation, destruction, loosening
-megaly enlargement
-meter instrument for measuring
-metry act of measuring
-ole small, minute
-oma tumor
-opia vision
-orexia appetite
-osis abnormal condition
-ous pertaining to
-pathy disease
-pepsia digestion
-phagia swallowing,e ating
-plakia plaque
-plasia formation, growth
-plasty surgical repair
-prandial meal
-rrhaphy suture
-rrhea discharge, flow
-scope instrument for examining
-scopy visual examination
-spasm involuntary contractions, twitching
-stomy forming an opening
-tic pertaining to
-tomy incision
a-, an- without, not
ab- from, away from
ad- toward
dia- through, across
dys- bad, painful, difficult
hetero- different
homeo- same, alike
hyper- excessive, above normal
hypo- under, below, deficient
infra- below, under
orth- straight
peri- around
post- after, behind
sub- under, below
super- above, excessive
trans- across, through
ultra- excess, beyond
ALT alanine aminotransferase
AST aspartate aminotransferase
Ba barium
BaE, BE barium enema
BM bowel movement
BMI body mass index
Bx, bx biopsy
CAH chronic active hepatitis
CF cystic fibrosis
CT computed tomography
Dx diagnosis
EGD esophagogastroduodenoscopy
ESWL extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy
EUS endoscopic ultrasonography
GB gall bladder
GBP gastric bypass
GBS gallbladder series
GER gastroesophageal reflux
GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease
GI gastrointestinal
HAV hepatitis A virus
HBV hepatitis B virus
HCV hepatitis C virus
HDV hepatitis D virus
HEV hepatitis E virus
I&D incision and drainage
IBD irritable bowel disease
IBS irritable bowel syndrome
IVC intravenous cholangiogram
LES lower esophageal sphincter
LFT liver function test
LPR laryngopharyngeal reflux
MRCP magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography
NG nasogastric
OCG oral cholecystography
PET positron emission tomography
PUD peptic ulcer disease
R/O rule out
SPECT single photon emission computed tomography
Sx symptom
Tx treatment
UGI upper gastrointestinal
UGIS upper gastrointestinal series
UPP uvulopalatopharyngoplasty
US ultrasound, ultrasonography
Created by: tammyadams2009
 

 



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