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10th GradeChapter 21

The Height of Imperialism

QuestionAnswer
The government in Great Britain built railroads, schools, and irrigation systems in colonial India primarily to strengthen its political and economic control on India.
British imperialism in India led to the introduction of a parliamentary form of government.
What did native people in India try to gain? Independence
Why did Great Britain want to get control of the Suez Canal? to protect British interest in Asia.
The fact that the British Parliament form of government is found in several nations throughout the world is best explained by the adoption of British institutions by some of Great Britain’s former colonies.
Great Britain was able to dominate India for almost 200 years because because differences in language and religion prevented unity among the people of India.
Both British and the French were interested in controlling Egypt in the mid-19th century because Egypt had a strategic location.
What does the phrase “White Man’s Burden” mean? Europeans had a negative attitude toward people of the non-Western world.
What was a major effect of European rule in Africa? was improved transportation and communication systems.
European imperialism promoted the development of nationalism in Asian and African countries by unintentionally uniting people to oppose foreign domination.
The 19th century term “White man’s burden” reflects the idea that Europeans had a responsibility to improve the lives of their colonial people.
The phrases “White man’s burden” and “Scramble for Africa” refer to what time period? the Age of Imperialism
Toussaint L’Ouverture, Bernardo Higgins, Jose de San Martin had great impacts on the independence movements of Latin America.
Why did the United States created the Monroe Doctrine? to prevent Spain from regaining its former colonies in the Western Hemisphere.
During the Latin American colonial period, political and economic power in most colonies under Spanish rule was held primarily by people who were born in Spain and their descendants.
In Latin American nations, a major effect of colonial rule has been the concentration of power in a small group of landowners.
What was a result of overseas expansion by European nations in the 1500s and 1600s? there was tension and conflict among colonial powers.
The British control over South Africa, French control over Indochina, and the Spanish control over Mexico are examples of imperialism.
Created by: agraffeo