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Medical Terminology

Common Abbreviations

AAA abdominal aortic aneurysm
ABG arterial blood gas(es)
ADHD attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder
ADLs activities of daily living
AED automatic external defibrillator
AIDS acquired immune deficiency syndrome
AM in the morning or before noon
AP anteroposterior
APTT activated partial thromboplastin time
ARDS acute respiratory distress syndrome
ARF acute renal failure
BBB bundle branch block
BM bowel movement
BMR basal metabolic rate
BMI body mass index
BUN blood urea nitrogen
Bx biopsy
C&S culture and sensitivity
CA cancer; chronological age; cardiac arrest
Ca calcium; cancer
CABG coronary artery bypass graft
CBC complete blood count
CF cystic fibrosis
chemo chemotherapy
CHF congestive heart failure
CNS central nervous system
CO2 carbon dioxide
CP cerebral palsy
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CXR chest x-ray; chest radiograph
D&C dilatation and curettage
Derm dermatology
DKA diabetic ketoacidosis
DM diabetes mellitus
DVT deep vein thrombosis;
Dx diagnosis
ECG or EKG Electrocardiogram or Electrocardiography
ECHO echocardiogram
ED erectile dysfunction, emergency department
FBS fasting blood sugar
Fx fracture
GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease
GTT glucose tolerance test
Hb or Hbg hemoglobin
HCG human chorionic gonadotropin
HIV human immunodeficiency virus
HTN hypertension
Hx history
I&D incision and drainage
ICU intensive care unit
ID inradermal
IDDM insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
IM intramuscular, infectious mononucleosis
IV intravenous pyelogram
K potassium (an eletrolyte)
LAT lateral
LDL low density lipoprotein
LFT liver function test
LMP last menstrual period
LOC loss of consciousness
LUQ left upper quadrant
ml or mL milliliters (1\1,000 of a liter)
mm millimeter (1\1000 of a meter)
mm Hg millimeter of mercury
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
Na sodium (an electrocyte)
NIDDM non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
NSAIDs nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs
NSR normal sinus rhythm
O2 oxygen
OCPs oral contraceptive pills
Ortho orthopedics
PAP papanicolaou (test)
PT prothrombin time, physical therapy,
PCP pneumocystis pneumonia or primary care physician
PE physical examination or pulmonary embolism or pressure-equalizing
PERRLA pupil equals, round, and reactive to light and accomodation
post posterior
pt patient
RLQ right lower quadrant
R\O rule out
ROM range of motion
RUQ right upper quadrant
SIDS sudden infant death syndrome
SOB shortness of breath
sono sonogram
STI sexually transmitted infection
Sx symptom
T&A tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
TIA transient ischemic attack
TKA total knee arthroplasty
TURP transurethral resection of the prostate
Tx treatment
UA urinalysis
URI upper respiratory infection
UTI urinary tract infection
WBC white blood cell
WNL within normal limits
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