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Ancient Greece

TermDefinition
Minoans Earliest civilized Europeans
Crete Where the Minoans lived
Mycenaean Replaced the Minoan civilization
Linear B a writing system
Hoplite warfare Heavily armed men carrying shields, and used spears to thrust, not throw, as well troops would stand side by side
Democracy government by the people
Oligarchy government of a few people, or in a dominant class
Aristocracy Class of people holding exceptional ranks and privileges
Monarchy Supreme power is nominally lodged in the monarch
Tyranny Despotic abuse to authority
Athens Introduced democracy
Sparta Introduced oligarchy
The Persian Wars Ionians called for help, but Persians stopped the revolt easily and wanted revenge
Peloponnesian Wars War between Sparta and Athens
Sophists Travelling teachers, and trained students in public speaking
Socrates Developed ideas and created a method of teaching known as the "socratic method"
Plato Believed a state could only achieve good if every citizen adhered to truth, wisdom, courage and moderation
Aristotle Classified plants and animals and developed the idea of testing the hypothesis
Stoics said happiness comes from accepting what you have and what happened to you
Epicurians said we should do what we want to enjoy iur lives to feel happy, we should maximize pleasure
Skeptics said that we do not know anything about the world and even ourselves, don't know what's right or wrong
Created by: ansonxie1999