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Chapter 19-20

Who is Prince Henry? The son of Portugal's king
Who is Bartoloeu Dias? A Portuguese captain
Who is Vasco da Gama? A Portuguese explorer
What was the Treaty of Tordesillas? A 1494 agreement between Portugal and Spain, declaring that newly discovered lands to the west of an imaginary line in the Atlantic Ocean would belong to Spain and newly discovered lands to the east of the line would belong to Portugal
What was the Dutch East India Company? A company founded by the Dutch in the early 17th century to establish and direct trade throughout Asia
Who was Christopher Columbus? A Genoese sea captain
What are colonies? A land controlled by another nation
Who is Hernando Cortés? A Spaniard
What were conquistadors? The Spanish soldiers, explorers, and fortune hunters who took part in the conquest of the Americas in the 16th century.
Who is Francisco Pizarro? A conquistador
What is New France? The base of France’s colonial empire in North America
What was Jamestown? The land that the colonists claimed
Who were the Pilgrims? A group of people who, in 1620, founded the colony of Plymouth in Massachusetts to escape religious persecution in England
Who were the Puritans? A group of people who sought freedom from religious persecution in England by founding a colony at Massachusetts Bay in the early 1600s
What was New Netherland? The Dutch holdings in North America
What was the Atlantic Slave Trade? The buying, transporting, and selling of Africans for work in the Americas
What was the triangular trade? The transatlantic trading network along which slaves and other goods were carried between Africa, England, Europe, the West Indies, and the colonies in the Americas
What was the middle passage? The voyage that brought captured Africans to the West Indies, and later to North and South America, to be sold as slaves—so called because it was considered the middle leg of the triangular trade
Who the Stono Rebellion? A group of slaves in South Carolina led an uprising
The settlement of the Americas brought many different items from where? Europe, Asia, and Africa to North and South America
What was the Colombian Exchange? The global transfer of plants, animals, and diseases that occurred during the European colonization of the Americas
What was the capitalism? An economic system based on private ownership and on the investment of money in business ventures in order to make a profit
What was the joint-stock company? A business in which investors pool their wealth for a common purpose, then share the profits
What was mercantilism? An economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more goods than they bought
What was a favorable balance of trade? An economic situation in which a country sells more goods abroad than it buys from abroad
Created by: devinbialick