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Explo/ Enlightenment

Vocabulary

TermDefinition
patron a person who gives financial or other support to a person, organization, cause, or activity
indulgence (in the Roman Catholic Church) a grant by the pope of remission of the temporal punishment in purgatory still due for sins after absolution. The unrestricted sale of indulgences by pardoners was a widespread abuse during the later Middle Ages.
secular denoting attitudes, activities, or other things that have no religious or spiritual basis
expression the process of making known one's thoughts or feelings
relic an object surviving from an earlier time, especially one of historical or sentimental interest
status quo the existing state of affairs, especially regarding social or political issues
theocracy a system of government in which priests rule in the name of God or a god
sacred connected with God (or the gods) or dedicated to a religious purpose and so deserving veneration or praise
reform make changes in (something, typically a social, political, or economic institution or practice) in order to improve it
corruption dishonest or fraudulent conduct by those in power, typically involving bribery
linear perspective a type of perspective used by artists in which the relative size, shape, and position of objects are determined by drawn or imagined lines converging at a point on the horizon.
realism the quality or fact of representing a person, thing, or situation accurately or in a way that is true to life
radical advocating or based on thorough or complete political or social reform; representing or supporting an extreme section of a political party.
doctrine a belief or set of beliefs held and taught by a church, political party, or other group
vernacular the language or dialect spoken by the ordinary people in a particular country or region
route a way or course taken in getting from a starting point to a destination.
conquest the subjugation and assumption of control of a place or people by use of military force
global of or relating to the whole world; worldwide
interdependence mutual dependence between things; a reciprocal relation between interdependent entities (objects or individuals or groups)
imperialism a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force
epidemic a widespread occurrence of an infectious disease in a community at a particular time
pandemic prevalent over a whole country or the world
impact the action of one object coming forcibly into contact with another
colony a country or area under the full or partial political control of another country, typically a distant one, and occupied by settlers from that country
missionary a person sent on a religious mission, especially one sent to promote Christianity in a foreign country
racism the belief that all members of each race possess characteristics or abilities specific to that race, especially so as to distinguish it as inferior or superior to another race or races
capitalism an economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state
mercantilism the economic theory that trade generates wealth and is stimulated by the accumulation of profitable balances, which a government should encourage by means of protectionism
ethnocentric evaluating other peoples and cultures according to the standards of one's own culture
encomienda a grant by the Spanish Crown to a colonist in America conferring the right to demand tribute and forced labor from the Indian inhabitants of an area
Created by: darditti