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Giattino - Mid Ages

MIddle Ages

QuestionAnswer
Changes in Western Europe Repeated invasions and constant warfare ended the Western Roman Empire: Disruption of Trade Downfall of Cities--Cities were abandoned. Population Shift--People move from cities to countryside (rural). People turned to church for order and security.
The Feudal System King Lord Lesser Lords (Vassals) Knights Peasants (Serfs) Military Service & Labor & Loyalty Land & Protection
The manor system An economic arrangement between a lord and his serfs. The lord provides serfs with housing, strips of farmland, and protection from bandits. Serfs tended the lord’s lands, cared for his animals, and performed other tasks to maintain the estate
Chivalry Knights were bound by a strict code. Knights were expected to be brave, loyal, true to their word and protective of women and those weaker than them
Charlemagne Ruled over a large empire in what is now France, Germany and parts of Italy. Encouraged learning and set up schools. He also rescued the Pope from Roman attackers, thereby spreading his empire and Christianity.
Beginnings of the Crusades In 1093, Byzantine emperor Alexius I wrote a letter to Pope Urban II asking him and western Europe to join his war against the Muslim Turks, so that the Holy Land could be controlled by Christians once again.
Battle of Hastings Oct. 14, 1066 -- the Normans and Saxons fought the battle that changed the course of English history.
King Henry Strengthened the royal courts of justice by sending royal judges to every part of England at least once a year. They collected taxes, settled lawsuits, and punished crimes. Introduced the use of the jury in English courts.
Magna Carta (Great Charter) This guaranteed the nobles certain basic political rights. Put a limit on the king’s powers.
Parliament House of Commons (Knights & Burgesses) House of Lords (Nobles & Bishops)
Created by: JImmyjet81