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Mod C Unit 1

Shiland chpt 10

TermDefinition
1. Alveoli are tiny sac within our lungs that allow for oxygen and carbon dioxide to move between the lungs and the blood stream
2. Larynx the hollow muscular organ forming an air passage to the lungs and holding the vocal cords in humans; the voice box
3. Bronchi branches of the wind pipe that lead into the lung
4. Mediastinum region or portion between the lung cavity
5. Cilia thin hairs attached to the mucus membrane lining the respiratory tract
6. Palatine tonsils located at the back of the throat, 1 on R, 1 on L.
7. Epiglottis a flap of cartilage at the root of the tongue, which is depressed during swallowing to cover the opening of the windpipe
8. Paranasal sinuses air containing cavities in the bones around the nose
9. Hilum middle region where bronchi blood vessels and nerves enter and exit the lungs
10. Parietal pleura the outer fold of pleura lying closest to the ribs
11. Asbestosis type of pneumonia caused by dust inhalation
12. Chronic bronchitis inflammation of tubes leading into the trachea and can be caused by asthma.
13. Asthma is a chronic lung or acute illness that inflames and narrows the airways
14. Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disease characterized by exocrine glands leading to airway obstruction
15. Atelectasis lung or portion of lung that is collapsed
16. Emphysema hyperinflation of the air sacs with destruction of alveoli
17. Bronchogenic Carcinoma cancer of the lungs
18. Pertussis also known as whooping cough, is a highly contagious respiratory disease
19. Carbon dioxide a gas produced by cells and exhaled through the lungs
Lobes division of the lungs
21. Hypercapnia excessive carbon dioxide in the lungs
22. Hemoptysis the coughing or spitting up of blood
23. Orthopea shortness of breath while lying flat
24. Thoracentesis invasive procedure to remove air or fluid from the pleural space for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes
25. Lung scan a procedure that uses nuclear radiology to access the structure of a lung and to detect a blood clot
26. Tracheostomy an incision in the windpipe made to relieve an obstruction to breathing
27. Endotracheal intubation placement of tube through the mouth into the trachea to establish an airway
28. Pulmonary angiography injection of contrast and then x-ray of lungs
29. Bronchioalveolar Lavage fluid is injected into the bronchi and removed for examination.
30. Lobectomy removal of a lung
Created by: treeluv
 

 



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