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Ch. 18 History Vocab

TermDefinition
mercantilism the idea that a country gains power by building up its supply of gold and silver.
export to sell to another country.
import to buy from another country.
colony settlement in a new territory that keeps close ties with its homeland.
commerce the buying and selling of goods in large amounts over long distances.
invest to put money into a project.
theory an explanation of how or why something happens.
rationalism the belief that reason is the chief source of knowledge.
scientific method orderly way of collecting and analyzing evidence.
hypothesis proposed explanation of the facts.
natural law law that applies to everyone and can be understood by reason.
social contract agreement between rulers and the people upon which a government is based.
separation of powers equal division of power among the branches of government.
deism religious belief based on reason.
absolutism system of rule in which monarchs held total power and claimed to rule by the will of God.
representative government system of government in which people elect leaders to make laws.
constitution written plan of government.
popular sovereignty idea that a government receives its power from the people.
limited government idea that a government may only use the powers given to it by the people.
Created by: S730503