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WHI.6 (2018)

Rome

TermDefinition
commerce the act of buying or selling
mythology polytheistic religion that explained natural phenomena, human qualities and life events as actions of many gods
Patricians Weathy Romans whose family were eligible to hold public office
Plebeians Poorer citizens who could not hold office in the Roman government
Representative Democracy A style of government where citizens vote for representatives to lead the government.
Slaves Individuals captured as prisoners of war, born a slave, or a person who failed to pay debts.
Roman Republic Era of ancient Roman civilization beginning around 509 BC and ending in 27 BC with the establishment of the Roman Empire.
Foreigners Non-Roman citizens
Roman Senate A group of selected patricians who passed all laws and collected all taxes.
Roman Assembly An elected group of plebeians who represented most of the Roman citizens.
Consuls Head of the Roman Senate, voted in by a majority vote, that controlled the armies of Rome and selected the new members of the Senate if a senator died.
Punic Wars Three wars between Rome and Carthage over competition for trade in the Med. Sea.
Migration the movement of people from one geographic location to another area to live or work.
Civil War a war between citizens of the same nation/empire
Inflation general increase of prices which causes a decrease of what a person can buy (ex: candy bar cost $1; now same candy bar $5)
Triumvirate a group of three people who are in control of government
Assassination the murder of a government leader or important person for political reasons or financial gain
Emperor name for the ruler of Rome during the Roman Empire
Pax Romana an era of peace and prosperity that unified the Roman Empire for two centuries
devaluation of currency (money) when a country decides to lower the value of it's currency (ex: $5 is now worth $2)
epidemic diseases a widespread infectious disease that infects and/or kills a large amount of the population
Created by: catherine_pace