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WHI.5 (2015)

Greek Civilizations

TermDefinition
Classical Greek Civilization A civilization that emerged after the River Valley Civilizations in the Aegean Basin.
Peninsula A geographic term that defines a land mass surrounded on three sides by water.
Natural Barriers Geographic forms that do not allow easy land passage (ex: Mountains, Oceans)
Greek Mythology Religion based on polytheism of gods and goddesses that offer an explanation of natural phenomena and human qualities.
Democracy A form of government where the citizens of the country get to have input into the government.
Greek Citizens A group defined as free adult males who had rights and responsibilities of civic participation in the government.
Athenian Tyrants Greek leaders who had total control of the country and initiated reforms. (ex: Draco & Solon)
Athens A Greek city-state that created a direct democracy.
Sparta A Greek city-state that was ruled by oligarchy and rigid militaristic structure.
Oligarchy A form of government where a small group of leaders control the government.
Aristocracy A form of government where a elite group control the government.
Persian Wars Wars fought between the Persians and a united Athens & Sparta city-states.
Golden Age of Pericles A period of peace between two wars that allowed for the extension of democracy and rebuilding of Athens with structures like the Parthenon.
Pericles An Athenian leader that extended democracy and rebuilt Athens after the Persian War.
Delian League A group of Greek city-states that joined together with Athens in the Peloponnesian War.
Peloponnesian League A group of Greek city-states that joined together with Sparta in the Peloponnesian War.
Peloponnesian War Wars fought between the Delian League and Peloponnesian League over the competition for control of the Greece.
Phillip of Macedonia Macedonian king who conquered Greece and returned it to a monarchy.
Alexander the Great Macedonian king who increased his empire all the way to India, Egypt and the Near East.
Aeschylus & Sophocles Greek writers of drama that contributed to Western Civilization.
Iliad & Odyssey Two books written by the Greek author of poetry Homer.
Herodotus & Thucydides Greek writers of history that contributed to Western Civilization.
Archimedes & Hippocrates Greek scientists that contributed to Western Civilization.
Socrates, Plato & Aristotle Greek philosophers that contributed to Western Civilization.
Euclid & Pythagoras Greek mathematicians that contributed to Western Civilization.
Phidias Greek artist who created sculpture that contributed to Western Civilization.
Doric, Ionic & Corinthian Type of columns used in Greek architecture
Created by: catherine_pace