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WHI.4 (2015)

Civilizations of Persia, Indian and China

TermDefinition
Persian Empire Empire characterized by cultural and religious tolerance, imperial bureaucracy, and the religion of Zoroastrianism.
Imperial Bureaucracy Government style of a large empire where each region of the empire is controlled by a governor who reports to the central government or King.
Zoroastrianism Persian religion that believed in two opposing forces within the universe.
Classical Indian Civilizations Civilizations that began in the Indus and Ganges River Valleys and spread throughout the Indian Subcontinent.
Harrappa & Mohenjo-Daro Early river civilizations in the Indian River Valley Civilization
Mauryan Empire Empire characterized by political unification of India and the spread of Buddhism under Asoka.
Gupta Empire Empire characterized by the Golden Age of Classical India
Caste System Social structure that is rigid and people are born into and define all interactions and choices of occupations.
indigenous people groups living where they were born
Hindu Kush Mountain pass between Indian subcontinent and Middle East that fostered trade
Hinduism Religion developed in classical India that believes in many forms of one God. A person is judged by Karma for reincarnation for future life.
Reincarnation Term for Hindu's belief in rebirth based on Karma
Karma Term for Hindu's belief that all thoughts and actions result in future consequences
Vedas & Upanishads Name of Hindu sacred religious writtings
Buddhism Religion developed in India by Siddhartha Gautama based on the Four Noble Truths and Eight-fold Path to Enlightenment.
Ashoka Mauryan Empire leader who sent Buddhist missionaries throughout Asia (China).
Siddhartha Guatama Founder of Buddhism that originated in India and then spread to China.
Classical Chinese Civilization Early river civilization based on Huang He (Yellow River)
Mandate of Heaven Theory that Chinese rulers were divine and given the right to rule only if they were a just ruler.
Great Wall Built by Qin Shi Huangdi as a line of defense against invasions
Civil Service System Classical Chinese government selections system based on the Confucian model.
Confucianism Religion developed in China that is based on harmony of relationships, respect for elders and ancestor worship
Taoism Religion developed in China that is based on humility, inner peace and harmony with nature.
Yin & Yang Religious symbols that represent opposites.
Created by: catherine_pace