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War and Crime

AQA GCSE RS A 2016 war and crime keywords.

Arms Race Production of arms to give military superiority over other nations
Disarmament When a country gets rid of its weapons
Just War A war that the Christian Church defines as acceptable - this must fit certain criteria - The idea was developed by St Thomas Aquinas and the Roman Catholic Church
Justice Bringing about what is right and fair, according to the law or making up for a wrong committed
Nuclear Proliferation The increase in the number of states that have the potential to use nuclear weapons
Nuclear War A war in which the participants use nuclear weapons
Pacifism The belief that it is unacceptable to take part in war and any other form of violence
Peace An absence of war and conflict, which leads to happiness and harmony
Reconciliation When two people or groups of people who have disagreed or fought with each other make up
Terrorism When groups use violence, or the threat of violence, to achieve their aims, rather than using a democratic process - The violence is often indiscriminate and intended to create an atmosphere of fear
Vindication Show or prove to be right
Weapons of Mass Destruction Weapons that are capable of intense and widespread destruction and/or that being used in such a manner as to destroy large numbers of people
Capital Punishment Form of punishment in which a prisoner is put to death for crimes committed
Forgiveness Showing grace and mercy and pardoning people for what they have done wrong
Imprisonment When a person is put in jail for committing a crime
Justice Bringing about what is right and fair, according to the law or making up for a wrong that has been committed
Protection To stop the criminal hurting anyone in society - An aim of punishment
Punishment That which is done to people because they have broken a law
Reformation To change someone's behaviour for the better - An aim of punishment
Retribution To get your own back on the criminal, based on the Old Testament teaching of ‘an eye for an eye’ - An aim of punishment aimed at being proportionate to the offence committed.
Life Imprisonment A prison sentence that (theoretically) keeps people in jail until they die
Offender Someone who has done wrong - e.g. broken the law
Deterrence To put people off committing crimes - One of the aims of punishment
Community Service A form of punishment in which the criminal has to perform tasks useful to society, rather than going to prison.
Unforgiving A refusal to forgive that can be considered to be harsh or unfair
Created by: All Saints



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