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1945B World History

Final Exam

QuestionAnswer
Stalin’s five year plans were intended to transform Russia into what? An industrial society
Hitler was confident that western states who signed the Treaty of Versailles would not have to use what to maintain it? Force
It was based on Prime Minister Chamberlain’s belief in Adolf Hitler’s promises Great Britain’s had appeasement policies
Sudetenland The area of Czechoslovakia that Hitler was
Britain and France declared war on Germany two days after Hitler’s invasion of what country? Poland
The “Mukden incident” An attack on a Japanese railway by Japanese soldiers disguised as Chinese
In 1940, Japan was forced to decide which ones it needed more Indochina’s raw materials or US oil and scrap iron
What significant event happened on Dec. 7, 1941? Japanese launched a surprise attack on the US Pacific fleet at Pearl Harbor
What Happened at Dunkirk? Heroic efforts by the Royal Navy and private civilians evacuated 338,000 Allied troops
Blitzkrieg Hitler’s form of attack that used tank divisions supported by air attacks
Why did Hitler plan to conquer the Soviet Union? To secure land and Slavic slaves to strengthen the Reich
The Battle of Stalingrad The entire German Sixth Army was lost
The battle of Midway Island The turning point of the war in Asia that established US naval superiority over Japan
Total War It involved a complete mobilization of resources of people
What did the USSR, the US and Great Britain all insist on at Yalta? That Germany surrender unconditionally
The Tehran Conference in 1943 Set in Motion a plan that would result in German being divided along a north-south line into East and West
The Marshall Plan Designed to restore the economic stability of European nations after WWII
What three groups were victims of the Holocaust? Jews, Slavic people, Gypsies
What did the Nazis build when the Einsatzgruppen proved to be too slow? Special extermination camps in Poland
Heinrich Himmler Administered the Nazi’s Final Solutions
Why did Truman want to avoid an invasion? He believed that Americans would suffer heavy losses
What did Truman demand from Eastern Europe at the Potsdam Conference? Freely elected governments
Warsaw Pact Sought to create a military alliance between the Soviet Union and various Eastern European Nations
What did the Truman Doctrine state that the US would provide to nations threatened by Communist expansions? Money
US fears about the spread of communism increased when what country became a Communist nation in 1949? China
Cold War A period of political tension following WWII
Experienced an “economic miracle” after WWII? West Germany
What did US and Great Britain believe about the liberated nations of Eastern Europe? That they held free election to determine their futures
What did Egyptian colonel Gamal Abdel Nasser do in 1956? He seized the Suez Canal company from Britain and France
Name three areas that Israel gained control over during the Six-Day War Sinai Peninsula, West Bank territory, and the Golan Heights
What policy did the US adopt toward the Soviet Union to stop the spread of communism Containment
What view does Pan-Africanism promote? Black Africans share a common identity
Brezhnev Doctrine The policy that the Soviet Union had a right to intervene if communism was threatened in another Communist nation
What did many Americans fear when Soviet Union launched the Sputnik I Satellite in 1957? That the Soviet Union launched the Soviet Union was ahead of the US in the production of missiles
Alexander Dubcek A communist leader who initiated the “Prague Spring” with a series of reform in Czechoslovakia
Who was fighting in Northern Ireland throughout the 1960s and 1970s that the British Government struggled to address? Catholics and Protestants
Joseph McCarthy The US Senator responsible for the anti-Communist movement known as the “Red Scare”
detente Refers to improved relations between the US and the Soviet Union in the 1970s
Why was the Berlin Wall built? To prevent East Germans from defecting to West Germany
Which nation declined economically after WWII? Great Britain
In what state did Vladimir Putin use military force to suppress a rebellion? Chechnya
The North American Free trade Agreement... Sought to establish cooperative trade guidelines between Canada, the US and Mexico
Why did Margaret Thatcher resign? After her plan to replace local property taxes with a national flat-rate tax was rejected
One of European Union’s first goals was the establishment of what? A common European currency
Gorbachev realized that economic reform would not succeed without what? Political reform
Gorbachev had some serious problems with his reforms. One was... Multi-ethnic republics
Perestroika The Russian word that means restructuring used to describe the reform movement led by Mikhail Gorbachev
How did President Carter protest the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan? By canceling US participation in the 1980 Olympic Games
By 1980, the Soviet Union was ailing from what? A declining economy, a rising infant mortality, and poor working conditions
New tensions arose between Bosnia and Serbia when Serbia refused to all whom continued to exist as an autonomous province Kosovo
What caused the states to join the Allies in fighting WWI? The German’ unrestricted use of submarine warfare
Name at least three things considered a major cause of WWII The Growth of Nationalism, Militarism, and Internal Dissent
Who’ s military plan called for war on two fronts? General Von Schlieffen
What kind of warfare was characterized in the Western front that kept both sides in virtually the same positions for four years? Trench Warfare
Who were the Central Powers? Austro-Hungarian, Bulgarian, Germany and the Ottoman Empire
Militarism The aggressive preparation for war, which was growing along with nations’ armies
What fatal mistakes did Kerensky make? Deciding to continue the war
What did Lenin do in an attempt to end Russia’s involvement in the war? He signed the treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany. This gave up a lot of Russia’s territory.
What did President Wilson argue for at the Paris Peace Conference? A League of Nations to prevent future wars
Treaty of Versailles Under this treaty, Germany was forced to pay for war damage, give up land to a new Polish state and return Alsace and Lorraine to France
Nuremberg laws Laws excluding Jews from German citizenship
Fascist Government A strong central government led by a dictatorial leader
What happened on Nov. 9, 1938 that was led by the Nazis and was a destructive rampage against German Jews? The Kristallnacht
What was Hitler’s goal? To create a Third Reich, or a German Empire
Created by: 79097