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AP Human Geography-1
BIG IDEAS for the AP Human Geography test
|the spatial spreading or dissemination of a culture element
|the spread of an innovation or an idea through a population in an area
|the distance-controlled spreading of an idea, innovation, or some other item through a local population by contact from person to person.
|a form of diffusion in which an idea or innovation spreads by trickling down from larger to smaller adoption units
|Stimulus diffusion is the spread of an underlying principle, even though a characteristic itself apparently fails to diffuse.
|spread of an innovation, idea, or other item via the movement of people from one area to another.
|regions that reflect human feelings and attitudes about areas. These are very subjective, meaning that they are based more on opinions than facts.
|Regions defined formally, often by government or other structures
|made up of a central place and surrounding areas affected by it for example: the corn belt, a metropolitan area, or an area that works majorly with mining
|the process of international integration arising from the interchange of world views, products, ideas and other aspects of culture
|The ratio between the size of an area on a map and he actual size of that same area on the earth's surface
|also called an age pyramid or age picture diagram-is a graphical illustration that shows the distribution of various age groups in a population (typically that of a country or region of the world), which forms the shape of a pyramid when the population i
|Demographic transition model (DTM)
|illustration of the transition from high birth and death rates to lower birth and death rates as a country develops from a pre-industrial to an industrialized economic system.
|a negative aspect or condition that motivates one to leave, esp. in one's country, region, organization, religion, etc
|a positive aspect or condition that motivates one to come, esp. in ones country, region, organization, religion, etc.
|modern popular culture transmitted via mass media and aimed particularly at younger people- has a definite origin
|Folk culture refers to the unifying expressive components of everyday life as enacted by localized, tradition-bound groups.
|place where a religion is prominent, usually near that religions holy site, or one of the holy sites
|the policy or practice of acquiring full or partial political control over another country, occupying it with settlers, and exploiting it economically
|a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force. ruled by an emperor sometimes
|a political entity characterized by a union of partially self-governing states or regions under a central (federal) government
|sovereign state governed as a single entity. The central government is supreme, and the administrative divisions exercise only powers that the central government has delegated to them.
|agriculture conducted on commercial principles, especially using advanced technology.
|a set of research, development, and technology transfer initiatives occurring between the 1930s and the late 1960s, that increased agricultural production worldwide
|The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840
|American owned buisnesses that are standing near the Ameican/Mexican border to take advantage of lower labor costs and lower import tarrifs
|Human development index (HDI)
|a composite statistic of life expectancy, education, and income per capita indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development
|Economic activity that directly extracts or harvests from the Earth.
|Economic activity that transforms raw materials into usable products, adding value in the process.
|Economic activity that links the primary and secondary sectors to the consumers and other businesses either by selling goods directly or by performing services utilizing those goods.
|The research and distribution of information
|predicts bilateral trade flows based on the economic sizes (often using GDP measurements) and distance between two units
|the redevelopment of areas within a large city, typically involving the clearance of slums
|development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs