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AP Human Geography-1

BIG IDEAS for the AP Human Geography test

Diffusion the spatial spreading or dissemination of a culture element
Expansion diffusion the spread of an innovation or an idea through a population in an area
Contagious diffusion the distance-controlled spreading of an idea, innovation, or some other item through a local population by contact from person to person.
Hierarchical diffusion a form of diffusion in which an idea or innovation spreads by trickling down from larger to smaller adoption units
Stimulus diffusion Stimulus diffusion is the spread of an underlying principle, even though a characteristic itself apparently fails to diffuse.
Relocation diffusion spread of an innovation, idea, or other item via the movement of people from one area to another.
Perceptual region regions that reflect human feelings and attitudes about areas. These are very subjective, meaning that they are based more on opinions than facts.
Formal regions Regions defined formally, often by government or other structures
Functional region made up of a central place and surrounding areas affected by it for example: the corn belt, a metropolitan area, or an area that works majorly with mining
Globalization the process of international integration arising from the interchange of world views, products, ideas and other aspects of culture
Scale The ratio between the size of an area on a map and he actual size of that same area on the earth's surface
Population pyramid also called an age pyramid or age picture diagram-is a graphical illustration that shows the distribution of various age groups in a population (typically that of a country or region of the world), which forms the shape of a pyramid when the population i
Demographic transition model (DTM) illustration of the transition from high birth and death rates to lower birth and death rates as a country develops from a pre-industrial to an industrialized economic system.
Push factor a negative aspect or condition that motivates one to leave, esp. in one's country, region, organization, religion, etc
Pull factor a positive aspect or condition that motivates one to come, esp. in ones country, region, organization, religion, etc.
Pop culture modern popular culture transmitted via mass media and aimed particularly at younger people- has a definite origin
Folk culture Folk culture refers to the unifying expressive components of everyday life as enacted by localized, tradition-bound groups.
Religious locations place where a religion is prominent, usually near that religions holy site, or one of the holy sites
Colonialism the policy or practice of acquiring full or partial political control over another country, occupying it with settlers, and exploiting it economically
Imperialism a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force. ruled by an emperor sometimes
Federal state a political entity characterized by a union of partially self-governing states or regions under a central (federal) government
Unitary state sovereign state governed as a single entity. The central government is supreme, and the administrative divisions exercise only powers that the central government has delegated to them.
Agribuisness agriculture conducted on commercial principles, especially using advanced technology.
Green revolution a set of research, development, and technology transfer initiatives occurring between the 1930s and the late 1960s, that increased agricultural production worldwide
Industrial revolution The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840
Maliquadoras American owned buisnesses that are standing near the Ameican/Mexican border to take advantage of lower labor costs and lower import tarrifs
Human development index (HDI) a composite statistic of life expectancy, education, and income per capita indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development
Primary consumer Economic activity that directly extracts or harvests from the Earth.
Secondary consumer Economic activity that transforms raw materials into usable products, adding value in the process.
Tertiary consumer Economic activity that links the primary and secondary sectors to the consumers and other businesses either by selling goods directly or by performing services utilizing those goods.
Quaternary consumer The research and distribution of information
Gravity model predicts bilateral trade flows based on the economic sizes (often using GDP measurements) and distance between two units
Urban renewal the redevelopment of areas within a large city, typically involving the clearance of slums
Sustainable development development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs
Created by: HfireBOS
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