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Final exam Review

QuestionAnswer
Why did Stalin initiate Five Year Plans in the Soviet Union? He wanted to make the Soviet union's economy self sufficient
Be aware of Hitler’s attitude toward the Treaty of Versailles and the willingness of the allies to enforce the treaty to be maintained. Hitler Felt Betrayed and revamped the nations military forces
What was Prime Minister Chamberlain’s policy of appeasement? Chamberlain caved to Hitler's demands to keep peace
What is the Sudetenland? The German name to refer to northern, southwestern, and western areas of Czechoslovokia.
Why did Britain and France declare war on Germany? In response to Hitler’s invasion of Poland, Britain and France, both allies of the overrun nation declare war on Germany.
What is the “Mukden Incident”? A staged event done by the japanese military .
In 1940, Japan was forced to decide what it needed most. What was it? US oil and scrap Iron.
Why was the evacuation at Dunkirk so important to the Allies? They had over 300,000 troops to evacuate.
Define blitzkrieg. It was a form of attack that used tank divisions with air support.
After signing a treaty with Stalin, why did Hitler decide to invade the Soviet Union? He wanted to destroy communism in Europe and defeat Stalin.
What was the outcome at the Battle of Stalingrad? The loss of life and damage to the city was staggering.
What was the significance of the Battle of Midway Island? The japanese forces lost more than 90 percent of their air power.
Who was Heinrich Himmler? He was a military commander and a leading member of the nazi party of nazi germany.
Define the term Einsatzgruppen. A paramilitary death squad responsible for mass killings during WWII
What ethnic groups were victims of the Holocaust? The Jewish, Poles, Slavs,
What was a major outcome of the Tehran Conference? Students analyze the international developments in the post-World World War II world. Churchill and Roosevelt gave in to stalin. Allowing the borders outlined in the nazi Soviet pact stand.
What did the allies insist at the Yalta Conference? That the Soviets join the war against Japan after Germany Surrendered.
What was a goal of President Truman at the Potsdam Conference? To settle any problems in the war.
Why did President Truman decide to use the atomic bomb? To Show the might that the US Military has.
What was the goal of the Marshall Plan? Warsaw Pact? The Marshall plan was an american initiative to aid Europe , in which the US gave 13 billion dollars. Warsaw Pact was a military alliance of nations which included East Germany and the Soviet Union
How would you define the Cold War? I would Define the Cold War as a Technological war between the US and the Soviet Union.
What was the objective of the Truman Doctrine? To aid any nation that was being threatened by outside forces.
In 1956, the Egyptian leader Nasser precipitated an international crisis by doing what? Taking Control of the Suez Canal
What were some of the consequences of the Six Day War? Israel captured 100% of the land it had before.
What is Pan-Africanism? the principle or advocacy of the political union of all the indigenous inhabitants of Africa.
What is the strategy behind the Brezhnev Doctrine? It affirmed the right in the affairs of communist the Soviet union to get involved in the affairs of communist countries.
How did America react to the launch of Sputnik I in 1957? America got Scared and the Space Race was started.
What was the “Prague Spring” in Czechoslovakia, 1968? Dubcek's effort to establish “communism with a human face” was celebrated across the country, and the brief period of freedom became known as the “Prague Spring.”
What was the objective of McCarthyism in the U.S. in the 1950s? it was a hunt for anyone who were or connected to spies of the USSR.
What is the strategy behind the foreign policy of détente? It was the easing of hostility between two nations.
How did Gorbachev plan on reforming the Soviet Union? He planned on Radical agriculture reforms.
What caused the tension between Serbia and Kosovo during the Yugoslav Wars? Ethnic differences between Serbs and ethnic Albanians.
Why was the European Union formed? to Promote a free flow of money, labor, and goods in europe.
How did Margaret Thatcher eventually lose political power, causing her to resign? Her Call for poll tax was the reason she lost her power.
Why was the North American Free Trade Agreement established? A trade agreement between the US, Mexico and Canada
What caused the rebellion in Chechnya? The struggle of Muslim nationalists to free their homeland from Russian control.
What happened on December 7, 1941? What was it called? (Pearl Harbor)Japanese planes attacked on pearl harbor.
What is meant by the concept of “total war”? To put a nation's entire resources into a war effort.
Why did Truman want to avoid an invasion of Japan? He thought that americans would would suffer much heavier losses.
Who were the main victims of the Holocaust? The Jews
The US and Great Britain thought that liberated nations of Eastern Europe should do what? Hold Free elections
Which nation experienced an “economic miracle” after WWII? West Germany
In 1949, which country became a Communist nation causing concern to the US? China
What is the policy toward Soviet Union called which attempted to stop the spread of communism? The Truman Doctrine
During the 1960s and 1970s, the British government tried to address the fighting in Northern Ireland between what two religious groups? The protestant majority and catholic minority
Why was the Berlin Wall built? To seperate east Germany from West Germany
When did Mao Zedong come to power in China? Mao Zedong came to power in china on June 19, 1945
Which nation declined economically after WWII? Great Britain
What does the word “perestroika” mean? (in the former Soviet Union) the policy or practice of restructuring or reforming the economic and political system.
What did President Carter do to protest the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan? He boycotted the summer olympics.
By the year 1980, the Soviet Union was suffering from what kinds of problems? they were suffering economic and civil problems.
Why did the United States get involved in the WWI? Because of attacks on submarines and merchant ships
What caused World War I? The direct cause of WWI was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand at Sarajevo on 28 June 1914
Who were the different powers who fought in World War II? The main Allied powers were Great Britain, The United States, China, and the Soviet Union. The main Axis powers were Germany, Japan and Italy.
How did the Germans plan to win the war? By utilizing the schlieffen Plan.
What mistake did Kerensky’s provisional government make in foreign policy? Deciding to continue the war
What did Lenin do to end World War I for the Russians? Signed the Treaty of Brest-Livotsk with germany in 1918
What was a major objective of President Woodrow Wilson at the Paris Peace Conference? President Woodrow Wilson attends the Paris Peace Conference that would formally end World War I
What were the terms of the Treaty of Versailles? .The first 26 Articles of the Treaty set out the Covenant of the League of Nations; the rest of the 440 Articles detailed Germany's punishment
What is a fascist government? Fascism is a form of government in which the country is considered more important than any one person, group, liberty, or provision.
How did Adolf Hitler solve Germany’s economic problems? When Hitler became Chancellor in 1933, he introduced policies aimed at improving the economy of Nazi Germany and combating hyperinflation
How did the Nazis in Germany treat the Jews? They were very harsh toward the jews. They did not like anyone of them.
What was Hitler’s goal? His primary goal was the forcible acquisition of Lebensraum (living space) for the German people. Secondly, he desired some kind of final reckoning with the Jews.
What was Kristallnacht? Also known as "The Night of the Broken Glass." On this night, November 9, 1938, almost 200 synagogues were destroyed, over 8,000 Jewish shops were sacked and looted, and tens of thousands of Jews were removed to concentration camps.
What were the laws that excluded Jews from German citizenship? The Nuremberg Laws excluded the jews fom citizenship.
Definition of militarism. the belief or desire of a government or people that a country should maintain a strong military capability and be prepared to use it aggressively to defend or promote national interests
What is the “Western Front” The Western Front was the name applied to the fighting zone in France and Flanders, where the British, French, Belgian and (towards the end of the war) the American armies faced that of Germany.
Which countries were known as “the Central Powers”? Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria
Why did Hitler plan to conquer the Soviet Union? He dreamed of creating a great Germany that would provide living space and colonies for the ‘master race’.
Who was the U.S. senator responsible for the Anti- Communist movement known as the “Red Scare”? Senator Joseph McCarthy.
After the war between Bosnia and Serbia, new tensions arose when Serbia refused to allow what country to continue to exist as an autonomous province? Kosovo
What was the German military plan devised by General von Schlieffen? The Schlieffen Plan
Created by: GioRoss