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Giattino - U6-2

Communist Revolution

QuestionAnswer
Czar Nicholas II Ruler of Russia.. An absolute monarch, meaning that he had total power in Russia. He used his secret police, the Okrana, to persecute opponents. Books and newspapers were censored.
Failure of the Duma When the Duma met, it began to criticize the Czar and demanded changes. The Duma was dismissed and new elections, controlled by the Czar, were called.
The discontent of the Workers Working conditions were hard. Pay was very low. Strikes took place. Strikers were frequently shot by the Czar’s soldiers or secret police With over 90% of the people being poor peasants
Russian failures in the First World War In 1915, Czar Nicholas II assumed personal command of the Russian armed forces. The Russian army lost confidence in the Czar after a string of serious defeats. The Russian soldiers, poorly trained and equipped, lacking in basic items such as rifles and am
Rasputin Czar Nicholas II eft the day to day running of Russia in the control of his wife Appeared to be able to heal the haemophilia of Prince Alexis.
The opposition of the Communists Believed in the ideas of Karl Marx. He claimed that the capitalist system was unfair because the factory owners (bourgeois) made profits from the toils of the workers (proletariat).
The February Revolution 1917 Food riots, poor working conditions and the failure to win the war. The Russian army refused to shoot at the demonstrators. Lenin, in exile in Switzerland, raced to Petrograd so that he could attempt to seize control of the revolution.
The abandonment of the Constituent Assembly 1917 Lenin shut down the Constituent Assembly after only one day! Lenin was not prepared to share power with anyone. This was the first step in setting up a Communist dictatorship.
The Cheka (or secret police) A secret police spied on the Russian people in factories and villages. Anyone suspected of being anti-Communist could be arrested, tortured and executed without a trial. It is said that 50,000 people were arrested and executed in this period
The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk 1918 A humiliating peace treaty with Germany. Russia lost a huge amount of land in the West. came at a high price for Russia, but Lenin knew he could not defeat Germany and his opponents in Russia at the same time.
The Civil War 1918-1921 Reds’, Lenin and the Communists, were known as the ‘Whites’. The Whites were a mixture of aristocrats, royalists, churchmen, army officers and many others. Whites were supported by Britain, France, Japan and the USA. The Communists were able to win the
The execution of Czar Nicholas II Czar Nicholas II and his family were arrested and sent to Siberia. Czar Nicholas, his wife, their five children and four attendants were shot
War Communism The state took control of the factories and appointed managers to run them. The Cheka seized all surplus grain from the peasants.
New Economic Policy Smaller industries were returned to private ownership and peasants could sell their surplus on the open market. This was a return to capitalism and competition.
USSR Russia - 1923 - Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
Collectivization 1920s, Russia suffered a food crisis. Ordered the seizure of grain from the farmers. Which land was joined together and the former owners worked together and shared everything. , Between 10 to 15 million people died as a result.
The Five Year Plans Stalin's economic policy. 1928-1941 to increase production. New towns such as Magnitogorsk grew up and large projects such as the Dnieper hydroelectric dam were developed. The USSR became a major industrial country.
Created by: JImmyjet81