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Medical Terminology

Chapter 5 & 6 - Pathology of Digestive System

TermDefinition
anorexia lack of appetite
ascites abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen
borborygmus rumbling or gurgling noise produced by the movement of gas, fluid, or both in the GI tract
constipation difficulty in passing stools
diarrhea frequent passage of loose watery stools
dysphagia difficulty swallowing
eructation gas expelled through the anus
hematochezia passage of fresh, bright red blood from the rectum
jaundice yellow-orange coloration of the skin and whites of the eyes caused by high levels of bilirubin in the blood
melena black, tarry stools, feces containing digested blood
nausea unpleasant sensation in the stomach associated with a tendency to vomit
steatorrhea fat in the feces, frothy, foul-smelling fecal matter
achalasia failure to lower esophagus sphincter muscle to relax
esophageal cancer malignant tumor of the esophagus
esophageal varices swollen, varicose veins at the lower end of the esophagus
gastric carcinoma malignant tumor of the stomach
gastroesophageal reflux disease solids and fluids return to the mouth from the stomach
peptic ulcer open sore or lesion of the mucous membrane of the stomach or duodenum
hernia protrusion of an organ or part through the muscle normally containing it
anal fistula abnormal tube like passageway near the anus
colonic polyposis polyps protrude from the mucous membrane of the colon
colorectal cancer adenocarcinoma of the colon or the rectum or both
crohn disease chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract
diverticulosis abnormal side pockets in the intestinal wall
dysemntery painful, inflamed intestines
hemorrhoids swollen, twisted, varicose veins in the rectal region
ileus failure of peristalsis with resulting obstruction of the intestines
inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) inflammation of the colon and small intestines
intussuscetion telescoping of the intestines
IBS (irritable bowel syndrome) group of gastrointestinal symptoms associated with stress and tension
ulcerative colitis chronic inflammation of the colon with the presence of ulcers
volvulus twisting of the intestines on itself
cirrhosis chronic degenerative disease of the liver
pancreatic cancer malignant tumor of the pancreas
pancreatitis inflammation of the pancreas
viral hepatitis inflammation of the liver caused by a virus
cholelithiasis gallstones in the gallbladder
Created by: KariTansowny
 

 



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