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|Any activity that fulfills a human want or need and returns money to those who provide it.
|A permanent collection of buildings, where people reside, work, and obtain services.
|Provides services to individual consumers that desire them and can afford to pay for them.
|Services that provide goods for sale to consumers.
|Provide services for the well being and personal improvement of the individual consumers.
|Services that primarily meet the needs of other businesses.
|Services that primarily help people conduct business.
|Transportation and information services
|Businesses that diffuse and distribute services
|Services that provide security and protection for citizens and businesses.
|Clustered rural settlements
|A rural settlement in which the houses and farm buildings of each family are situated close to each other and fields surround the settlement.
|Dispersed rural settlement
|A rural settlement pattern characterized by isolated farms rather than clustered villages.
|The process of consolidating small landholdings into a smaller number of larger farms in England during the eighteenth century.
|A market center for the exchange of services by people attracted by the surrounding area.
|Central place theory
|It explains the distribution of services based on the fact that settlements serve as centers of market areas for services; larger settlements are fewer and more apart than smaller settlements and provide services for more people who are willing to travel.
|Market area or Hinterland
|The area surrounding a central place, from which people are attracted to use the place’s goods and services.
|The maximum distance people are willing to travel to use a service.
|The minimum number of people needed to support the service.
|Predicts that the optimal location of a service is directly related to the distance people must travel to access it.
|Rank Size rule
|A pattern of settlements in a country, such that the nth largest settlement is 1/n the population of the largest settlement.
|Primate city rule
|A pattern of settlements in country, such that the largest settlement gas more than twice as many people as the second ranking settlement.
|The largest city in a country, if it has more than twice as many people as the second ranking settlement.
|Industries that sell their products or services primarily to consumers outside the settlement.
|Industries that sell their product primarily to consumers in the community.
|A community’s collection of basic industries.