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Roman vocab

Chapter 6 vocab

Patrician aristocratic landowners held most of powers (royal blood)
Plebian common farmers, artisans, and merchants
Tribune ancient Rome official elected by plebian
Consul Rome official commanded army and directed the government
Senate aristocratic branch of Rome's government, it had both legislative and administrative functions in the republic
Dictator leader who had absolute power to make laws and command the army
Legion heavy armed foot soldiers
Hannibal leader of Carthaginian army during the Punic Wars
Scipio leader of Roman Army during the Punic Wars
Civil War conflict between groups within same country
Julius Caesar wanted to be a Roman dictator, was assassinated by the senate
Triumvirate Caesar, Crassus, Pompey group of 3 rulers
Absolute ruler one who has total power
Augustus ended civil wars in Rome, Pax Romana started during his rule
Pax Romana Roman peace (golden age)
Gladiator professional fighters who fought to death in Public contest
Jesus founder of Christianity during the Roman Empire
Apostle disciples who wrote gospels who were followers of Jesus
Peter & Paul helped spread Christianity, wrote letters,built churches
Diaspora dispersal of Jews
Bishop priest, supervised several local churches
Pope the father or head of the Roman Catholic Church
Constantine wrote edict of Milan (allowed religious freedom in Rome) and founded Constantinople
Heresy teachings appearing to contradict basic teachings of church
Inflation drop in the value of money while prices rise
Mercenary foreign soldiers who fought for money
Diocletian tried new economic reforms; split the Roman Empire into East/West
Constaninople Capital of the East Roman Empire (later the capital of Byzantium)
Alaric King of the Visigoths, who besieged the city of Rome
Attila leader of the Huns
Greco-Roman Culture mixing elements of Greek, Hellenistic and Roman culture
Pompeii preserved city from the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius
Virgil epic poet who wrote Aeneid
Tacitus Roman historian who wrote Annals and Histories
Aqueduct designed to bring water into cities and towns (arches)
Twelve Tables first written Roman laws
Coliseum major Ancient Roman arena where gladiator fights were held; blue print for modern day stadiums
Circus Maximus where chariot races were held
Pantheon Ancient Roman temple to honor the Roman gods
Latin foundation for the Romance languages: French, Spanish, Portuguese
Republic government in which power rest with citizens who have right to vote and select their leaders
Created by: HDanjou