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Roman's Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Republic a state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and which has an elected or nominated president rather than a monarch.
Empire an extensive group of states or countries under a single supreme authority, formerly especially an emperor or empress.
Legion a unit of 3,000–6,000 men in the ancient Roman army.
Patricians an aristocrat or nobleman.
Consul an official appointed by a government to live in a foreign city and protect and promote the government's citizens and interests there.
Praetor each of two ancient Roman magistrates ranking below consul.
Dictator a ruler with total power over a country, typically one who has obtained power by force.
Aquaeducts an artificial channel for conveying water, typically in the form of a bridge supported by tall columns across a valley.
Veto an artificial channel for conveying water, typically in the form of a bridge supported by tall columns across a valley.
Latifundia a large landed estate or ranch in ancient Rome or more recently in Spain or Latin America, typically worked by slaves.
Triumvirate a group of three men holding power, in particular ( the First Triumvirate ) the unofficial coalition of Julius Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus in 60 BC and ( the Second Triumvirate ) a coalition formed by Antony, Lepidus, and Octavian
Pax Romana the peace that existed between nationalities within the Roman Empire.
Currency a system of money in general use in a particular country.
Checks & Balances counterbalancing influences by which an organization or system is regulated, typically those ensuring that political power is not concentrated in the hands of individuals or groups.
Sicily Island in southern Italy on the Mediterranean Sea, separated from the Italian mainland by the narrow Strait of Messina. Its capital is Palermo
Apennines a mountain range in Italy, extending over 1250 km (800 miles) from the northwest to the southernmost tip of the peninsula
Latium is the region of central western Italy in which the city of Rome was founded and grew to be the capital city of the Roman Empire.
Tiber River a river in central Italy, rising in the Tuscan Apennines and flowing south through Rome to the Tyrrhenian Sea.
Etruria an ancient country located between the Arno and Tiber rivers, roughly corresponding to modern Tuscany in W Italy
Carthage an ancient city-state in N Africa, near modern Tunis
Cannae an ancient town in SE Italy: Hannibal defeated the Romans here 216 b.c.
Zama an ancient town in N Africa, SW of Carthage: the Romans defeated Hannibal near here in the final battle of the second Punic War, 202 b.c.
Rubicon a river in N Italy flowing E into the Adriatic. 15 miles (24 km) long: in crossing this ancient boundary between Cisalpine Gaul and Italy, to march against Pompey in 49 b.c., Julius Caesar made a major military commitment.
Actium a promontory in NW ancient Greece: Antony and Cleopatra were defeated by Octavian and Agrippa in a naval battle near here in 31 b.c.
Rhine River a river flowing from SE Switzerland through Germany and the Netherlands into the North Sea
Danube River a river in central and SE Europe, flowing E from southern Germany to the Black Sea. 1725 miles (2775 km) long.
Puteoli a city on the coast of Campania, on the north shore of a bay running north from the Bay of Naples, at which Paul landed on his way to Rome, from which it was distant 170 miles.
Ostia a town in central Italy, SW of Rome: ruins from 4th century b.c.; site of ancient port of Rome
Created by: rs03743