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The Romans

Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Tiber River A river in central Italy, flowing through Rome into the Mediterranean.
Actium The battle of Actium was the decisive confrontation of the final war of the Roman Republic.
Latins The language of ancient Rome.
Caligula A member of the house of rulers conventionally known as the Julio-Claudian dynasty
Antony Roman Politician
Tarquin's The ruling family was called this.
Etruscans One of the two groups that joined Rome’s civilization
Remus Legend of the creation of Rome.
Augustus Octavian Was the first Roman emperor.
Aqueducts Human-made channel made to carry water.
Sicily An island at the “toe of the boot’ of Italy.
Hannibal Carthaginian general who crossed the alps and invaded Italy.
Praetor Important Roman official who interpreted laws.
Apennines Mountains that run all the way down the length of Italy from north to south.
Rubicon An act of winning a game.
Consul One of the two governmental officials in ancient Rome.
Latifundia A great estate in ancient Rome based on farming.
Patricians Wealthy landowners who made up the ruling class.
Dictator Oppressive ruler with complete control.
Hadrian He was a Roman Emperor from 117 to 138 known for building Hadrian’s wall.
Ostia Ancient city of Italy in Latium at mouth of the Tiber River.
River A stream of water that is flowing.
Etruria Located north of Rome where the Etruscans lived.
Romulus Legend of the creation of Rome.
Latium A plain where the latins built the city of Rome.
Currency System of money.
Cicero Roman philosopher, politician, lawyer, and political theorist.
Veto Rejection of other decisions.
Cannae Hannibal defeated the Romans here in 216 B.C.
Carthage An ancient city-state in north Africa.
Romana The terms of peace imposed by ancient Rome on its dominions.
Triumvirate In ancient Rome, a three-person rolling group.
Aeneas Sailed the Mediterranean Sea after the greeks captured Troy.
Danube A river in central and south east Europe.
Pax Long era of peace and safety in the Roman Empire.
Scipio Roman general who defeated Hannibal.
Cincinnatus A Roman artist.
Rhine River One of the principal rivers in Europe.
Julius Caesar Former Roman dictator
Check and Balance Counter balances influences by which an organization or system is regulated.
Republic A form of government in which the leader is not a king or queen but someone put in office by citizens with the right to vote.
Legions Reorganized into smaller groups called this. A group of approximately 6,000 to 10,000.
Plebeians Majority of Rome people, shopkeepers and owners of small farms
Zama A north African area where the Battle of Zama took place. Roman General Scipio defeated the Carthaginians.
The Twelve Tables Rome’s first code of laws. The basis for all future code of laws.
Created by: av04133