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Ancient Rome

VOCABULARY

TermDefinition
cannae An ancient town of southeast Italy where Carthaginians under Hannibal defeated the Romans in 216 bc.
cicero Roman statesman, orator, and philosopher. A major figure in the last years of the Republic, he is best known for his orations against Catiline and for his mastery of Latin prose
ostia An ancient city of west-central Italy at the mouth of the Tiber River. According to legend, it was founded in the seventh century bc.
Aquaeducts A pipe or channel designed to transport water from a remote source, usually by gravity. b. A bridgelike structure supporting a conduit or canal passing over a river or low ground.
Augustus First emperor of Rome (27 bc-ad 14) and grandnephew of Julius Caesar. Born Gaius Octavius, he took the name Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus—often referred to simply as Octavian in English texts—in 44 after Caesar's assassination.
carthage An ancient city and state of northern Africa on the Bay of Tunis northeast of modern Tunis. It was founded by the Phoenicians in the ninth century bc and became the center of a maritime empire in the Mediterranean after the sixth century bc.
veto The constitutional power of the chief executive of a state or nation to prevent or delay the enactment of legislation passed by the legislature:
River A large natural stream of water emptying into an ocean, lake, or other body of water and usually fed along its course by converging tributaries.
consul An official appointed by a government to reside in a foreign country and represent his or her government's commercial interests and assist its citizens there. See Usage Note at council.
checks and Balance limits imposed on all branches of a government by vesting in each branch the right to amend or void those acts of another that fall within its purview.
remus The twin brother of Romulus.
romana Romana, short for Romanadvoratrelundar, is a fictional character in the long-running British science fiction television series Doctor Who
etruria Etruria —usually referred to in Greek and Latin source texts as Tyrrhenia (Greek: Τυρρηνία) —was a region of Central Italy, located in an area that covered part of what now are Tuscany, Lazio(Latium), and Umbria.
latifundia A latifundium is a very extensive parcel of privately owned land. The latifundia (Latin: lātus, "spacious" + fundus, "farm, estate")[1] of Roman history were great landed estates, specializing in agriculture destined for export: grain, olive oil, or wine.
sicily Sicily (Italian: Sicilia [siˈtʃiːlja]) is the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea; along with surrounding minor islands, it constitutes an autonomous region of Italy, the Regione Siciliana (Sicilian Region). Sicily is located in the ce
antony Antony is the original spelling of the name Anthony. It can refer to: People
caligula Caligula (Latin: Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus;[1] 31 August 12 AD – 22 January 41 AD), also known as Gaius, was Roman Emperor from 37 AD to 41 AD.
latins "Latins" refers to the original Italic tribe and those of Latin descent that speak or once spoke a Romance language (see Latin peoples).
scipio Scipio may refer to:
pax PaX is a patch for the Linux kernel that implements least privilege protections for memory pages. The least-privilege approach allows computer programs to do only what they have to do in order to be able to execute properly, and nothing more.
triumvirate A triumvirate (from Latin, "triumvirātus") is a political regime dominated by three powerful individuals, each a triumvir (pl. triumviri). The arrangement can be formal or informal, and though the three are usually equal on paper,
romulus The son of Mars and eponymous founder of Rome who, with his twin brother, Remus, was reared and suckled by a wolf.
patricians A Roman privileged citizen class for whom certain high state and priestly offices were reserved.
hannibal Carthaginian general who crossed the Alps in 218 with about 35,000 men and routed Roman armies at Lake Trasimeno (217) and Cannae (216). He was later defeated at the Battle of Zama (202).
praetor important roman official who interpreted laws.
etruscans Italic people who invaded from Asia Minor and settled between the Arno and Tiber rivers.
cincinnatus Roman statesman who according to tradition was twice called away from his farm to assume the dictatorship of Rome (458 and 439).
aeneas sailed the mediterranean sea after the greeks captoned tray.
latium a plain where the latins built the city of rome.
apennines A mountain system extending about 1,200 km (745 mi) from northwest Italy south to the Strait of Messina.
tarquins (Biography) Latin name Lucius Tarquinius Priscus, fifth legendary king of Rome (616–578 bc)
actium A promontory and ancient town of western Greece. In 31 bc it was the site of Octavian's naval victory over Mark Antony and Cleopatra. As a result of the battle, Egypt came under Roman control and Octavian (later Augustus) was established as Rome's ruler.
rhine river - a major European river carrying more traffic than any other river in the world; flows into the North Sea
danube A river of south-central Europe rising in southwest Germany and flowing about 2,850 km (1,770 mi) southeast through Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, and the Balkan Peninsula to the Black Sea. It has been a major trade route since the Middle Ages.
currency Money in any form when in actual use as a medium of exchange, especially circulating paper money
hedrian he was a roman emperor from 117 to 138 known for building hadrian's wall.
rubicon A limit that when passed or exceeded permits of no return and typically results in irrevocable commitment.
julius caesar forman roman bictator
tiber river a river in central Italy, flowing through Rome into the Mediterranean. 244 mi. (395 km) long. Italian, Tevere
Carthage A country on the coast of North Africa, was a powerful enemy of Rome. They had a great navy
Cannae At this city a battle took place during the Second Punic War. Hannibal defeated the Romans
Zama A north African area where the Battle of Zama took place. Roman General Scipio defeated the Carthaginians
Cincinnatus The best known early Roman dictator, led an army of men to defeat a powerful enemy
Scipio Leader of Roman forces that defeated the Carthaginians at the Battle of Zama
Hannibal- A great Carthaginian general who fought in the Second Punic War
The Twelve Tables Rome’s first code of laws. The basis for all future code of laws.
Created by: LJ04188