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Rome Vocab

Republic Where people vote for people to vote for them.
Empire Many states that are part of one civilization.
Legion A unit of 3,000–6,000 men in the ancient Roman army.
Patricians An aristocrat or nobleman.
Consul One of the two annually elected chief magistrates who jointly ruled the republic.
Praetor Each of two ancient Roman magistrates ranking below consul.
Dictator A ruler with total power over a country, typically one who has obtained power by force.
Aqueducts A channel that holds water.
Veto A constitutional right to reject a decision or proposal made by a law-making body.
Latifundia A land in Rome that was a ranch, that was typically worked by slaves.
Triumvirate A group of three men holding power.
Pax Romana The peace that existed between nationalities within the Roman Empire.
Currency Money.
Checks and Balances Not one person has the power, but it is spread between more than one person.
Sicily Island in southern Italy on the Mediterranean Sea, separated from the Italian mainland by the narrow Strait of Messina.
Apennines A mountain system extending about 1,200 km (745 mi) from northwest Italy south to the Strait of Messina.
Latium The region of central western Italy in which the city of Rome was founded and grew to be the capital city of the Roman Empire.
Tiber River A river in central Italy, rising in the Tuscan Apennines and flowing south through Rome to the Tyrrhenian Sea.
Etruria An ancient country located between the Arno and Tiber rivers.
Carthage An ancient city on the coast of North Africa near present-day Tunis.
Cannae A battle during the Second Punic War, in Italy. The Carthage army won.
Zama The end of the Second Punic War.
Rubicon The act of winning the olympics.
Actium The Battle of Actium was the decisive confrontation of the Final War of the Roman Republic.
Rhine River River in Europe, rising in the Alps of Switzerland and flowing generally north.
Danube River River in central and southeastern Europe.
Ostia An opening into a vessel or cavity of the body.
Created by: mj04706