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Romulus Legend of creation of Rome. First king of Rome
Remus Legend of creation of rome. Was killed by brother for making fun of wall.
Aeneus Sailed the mediterranean sea after greeks captured Troy. Legend says he a married a Latin king's daughter and started Rome.
Etruscans One of the groups that joined Rome's civilization
Etruria Located north of Rome in where the etruscans lived.
Tarquins The royal family
Republic A form of government in which no one is king or queen but people get chosen to be leader.
Legions Groups of soldiers going from 6,000 soldiers to 10,000 soldiers
Sicily An island at the "toe of the boat from Italy
Apennines Mountains that run all the way down the length of Italy from north to south
Latium A plain where the Latins built the city of Rome
Patricians Wealthy landowners who made up the ruling class
Plebeians Majority of Rome people, shopkeepers and owners of small farms
Veto To reject
Praetors important roman official who interpreted laws
Dictator Oppressive ruler with complete control
Latins The local people that originally lived in Italy
Tiber River Site chosen for the building of Rome. River flows from northern Italy to the mediterranean sea
Carthage A country on the coast of North Africa, was a powerful enemy of Rome. They had a great navy
Cannae Major battle of the second Punic War
Zama an ancient town in africa where the battle of zama took place
Cincinnatus The best known early Roman dictator, led an army of men to defeat a powerful enemy
Scipio Leader of Roman forces that defeated the Carthaginians at the Battle of Zama
Hannibal A great Carthaginian general who fought in the Second Punic War
The Twelve Tables Rome’s first code of laws. The basis for all future code of laws.
Rubicon a small river at the Southern boundary of Julius Caesar’s command area. He crossed this river when he marched into italy.
Julius Caesar part of the first Triumvirate. A successful military man who took over Rome as a military dictator.
Latifundia large farming estates
Triumvirate a political alliance of three people.
Actium The Battle of Actium was off the coast of greece where Octavian crushed the army and navy of Antony and Cleopatra
Octavian Caesar's grand nephew, who inherited his fortune and two of his top generals.
Antony One of Caesar’s top generals who fought with Octavian and then against him.
Cicero a political leader, writer, and Rome’s greatest public speaker
Augustus The title that Octavian took when he restored the Roman Republic and became the leader
Created by: dp04894