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Rome vocab.

TermDefinition
romulus and remus Legend of the creation of Rome. First king of Rome who killed his brother Legend of the creation of Rome. Was killed by his brother for making fun of his wall
Aneas Sailed the Mediterranean Sea after the Greeks captured Troy. Legend says he married a Latin Kings daughter and started Rome
Latins The local people that originally lived in Italy
Etruscans One of the two groups that joined Rome's civilization
Tarquins The ruling family was called this
republic A form of government in which the leader is not a king or queen but someone put in office by citizens with the right to vote
legion Reorganized into smaller groups called this. A group of approximately 6,000 to 10,000
sicily An island at the “ toe of the boot” of Italy
Apennines Mountains that run all the way down the length of Italy from north to south
latium A plain where the Latins built the city of Rome
Tiber river Site chosen for the building of Rome. River flows from northern Italy to the mediterranean sea
etruria Located north of Rome where the Etruscans lived
Carthage A country on the coast of North Africa, was a powerful enemy of Rome. They had a great navy
Cannae At this city a battle took place during the Second Punic War. Hannibal defeated the Romans
Zama At this city a battle took place during the Second Punic War. Hannibal defeated the Romans
Cincinnatus The best known early Roman dictator, led an army of men to defeat a powerful enemy
Scipio Leader of Roman forces that defeated the Carthaginians at the Battle of Zama
Hannibal A great Carthaginian general who fought in the Second Punic War
The Twelve Tables Rome’s first code of laws. The basis for all future code of laws
Rubicon a small river at the Southern boundary of Julius Caesar’s command area. He crossed this river when he marched into italy
Julius Caesar part of the first Triumvirate. A successful military man who took over Rome as a military dictator
Latifundia large farming estates
Triumvirate a political alliance of three people
Actium The Battle of Actium was off the coast of greece where Octavian crushed the army and navy of Antony and Cleopatra
Octavian Caesar's grand nephew, who inherited his fortune and two of his top generals
Antony One of Caesar’s top generals who fought with Octavian and then against him
Cicero a political leader, writer, and Rome’s greatest public speaker
Augustus The title that Octavian took when he restored the Roman Republic and became the leader
Created by: db03110