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Ch. 16 History Notes

Moche dug canals to carry water from the Andes to desert farms.
Igloo dome-shaped home built by the Inuit.
Maya a civilization that came to a mysterious end by the A.D. 900s.
Mesoamerica the land from the Valley of Mexico to Costa Rica.
Malintzin a Mayan woman who helped Cortes form alliances by acting as a translator.
Conquistadors conqueror or soldier sent to the Americas by Spain.
Tenochtitlan a great Aztec city.
Pachacuti built the largest empire in the ancient Americas. (Incan)
Iroquois League included Onondaga, Seneca, Mohawk, Oneida, and Cayuga.
Anasazi moved into the region’s canyons and cliffs.
Beringia a land bridge connecting Asia and Alaska during the Ice Age.
Quipu a rope with knotted cords used to keep records. (served as a calculator)
Mayan city-states located in the dense forest of the Peten.
Hernan Cortes a Spanish soldier who defeated the Aztec.
Hohokam a farming culture who thrived from A.D. 300-1300.
Hunter-gatherers moved constantly in search of food.
Christopher Columbus landed on the island of Hispaniola in 1492.
Adobe sun-dried mud brick. (building material for the southwest)
Olmec developed a trading empire that flourished between 1200 B.C. and 400 B.C.
Francisco Pizarro a Spanish soldier who defeated the Inca.
Why did the Maya seek captives in war? human sacrifices to the gods.
How were people able to survive in the dry deserts of the Southwest? They farmed the dry land and built irrigation canals and adobe homes.
How did Pizarro conquer the Inca? They captured Atahualpa.
Where was the Mayan civilization located? Yucatan Peninsula, Peten.
How did the Mayan civilization end? The Maya mysteriously abandoned their cities.
Who were the Mound Builders? Hunter-gatherers who built mounds.
The Incan leader Pachacuti built a huge ancient empire.
How did Spanish explorers defeat the Aztec? Horses, guns, and disease.
Why did Montezuma not attack the invading Spaniards right away? He was afraid that Cortez was the god returning home.
Created by: S730503