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Giattino - U2-4

The World of Islam

The Arabs They were a nomadic, Semitic-speaking people who lived in the arid climate of the Arabian Peninsula. Polytheistic, many recognized a chief, or supreme god who they called Allah.
Muhammad Muslims believe that while he was meditating in the hills he received revelations from God through the Angel Gabriel. This final revelation became the religion of Islam. Which means submission to the will of God.
Quran (Koran) guidelines and laws by which Muslims (followers of Islam) should live their lives. Holy book of Islam
Hijrah beginning of the Muslim calendar
The Teachings of Muhammad Islam is Monotheistic, like Judaism and Christianity. Islam teaches a belief in an afterlife, those who hope to achieve this afterlife must submit to the will of Allah. Muslims do not believe the Muhammad was divine, they believe that he was a man. Is
The Five Pillars of Islam 1. Muslims must state that there is not God but Allah and Muhammad is his prophet. 2. Muslims must pray five times a day facing the Kaaba in Mecca. 3. Muslims are supposed to help others and donate part of their income to charity. 4. Fasting-Ramadan
Muslim A follower of Islam
Mosque A Muslim house of worship
Minarets The towers located on a Mosque from which the Muezzin calls the faithful to prayer.
The Umayyad Dynasty centered in Damascus, in modern-day Syria and was wealthy. This was also a very diverse empire as many different peoples had been conquered in new territory.
Sunni Muslims supported the Umayyad Dynasty. They believe the Caliph does not need to be a direct descendant of Muhammad.
Shi’a Muslims supported Hussein and believe that the Caliph should be a direct descendant of Muhammad through his son-in-law Ali and his grandson.
Abbasid This dynasty did not favor Arab rule and the empire became more culturally diverse. Caliphs began to recruit from non-Arab groups for government administration such as the Turks and the Persians.
Seljuk Turks played a large role in the military and many rose through the ranks to gain a lot of political power. In 1071 they defeated the Byzantine army at Manzikert and gained control of Asia Minor (Anatolian Peninsula). The Crusades!!
The Crusades At first were successful and took the city of Jerusalem. Had a lasting impact-breeding centuries of mistrust between the Muslim world and the Christian World.
The Muslim empires carried on extensive trade with China, the Byzantine Empire, India, and SE Asia. Sub Saharan Africa: Gold and Slaves China: Silk and Porcelain E. Africa: Gold and Ivory SE Asia and India: Sandalwood and Spices. Egypt: Grain Iraq: Linen, Dates, and Precious Stones W. India: Textiles
Preservation of Knowledge Muslim scholars helped to preserve the knowledge of Greece and Rome by translating works and making them available to other scholars.
Islamic Advancements Math and Science - the use of zero, Algebra Astrolabe - This instrument was used for naval navigation by observing the positions of the stars and other heavenly bodies. Medical encyclopedia Literature - 1001 Nights or Arabian Nights
Created by: JImmyjet81