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Cold War Test

QuestionAnswer
Define containment. a policy to stop the spread of communism
Which two countries competed against one another in the Cold War? U.S.A. & U.S.S.R.
What was the goal of the Soviet Union during the Cold War? spread communism
What was the goal of the United States during the Cold War? contain communism
What was the purpose of the Marshall Plan? to give $13 billion to countries in Western Europe to rebuild after World War II so that these countries would not be tempted by communism
What was the purpose of the Truman Doctrine? to prevent the spread of communism by sending money and weapons to defeat communist rebels in Greece and Turkey
What type of government did West Germany have? democratic
What type of government did East Germany have? totalitarian
What type of government did the Soviet Union have? totalitarian
What type of government does the United States have? democratic
What type of economic system does the United States have? capitalism
What type of economic system did the Soviet Union have? communism
What was NATO? the military alliance between the U.S. Canada and 10 western European nations
What was the Warsaw Pact? the military alliance between the Soviet Union and its satellite nations in eastern Europe
Where was Berlin located? East Germany
What is a cold war? a war of words competition and threats but that stops short of a military conflict
What was decided at the Yalta Conference? to occupy Germany and divide it into 4 zones
Why was the Berlin Airlift necessary? the Soviet Union blockaded Berlin
When did the Cold War begin? 1945
When did the Cold War end? 1990
What is a satellite nation? a nation whose policies revolved around the Soviet Union's influence
What did the iron curtain separate? democratic western Europe from communist eastern Europe
Who was the leader of Cuba during the Cuban Missile Crisis? Fidel Castro
Who was the leader of the United States during the Cuban Missile Crisis? John F. Kennedy
What was glasnost? a policy that allowed people to disagree with the government and participate more in the government
How did the Vietnam War end? North Vietnam won and all of Vietnam became communist
Who was the leader of the Soviet Union that was responsible for glasnost and perestroika? Mikhail Gorbachev
How did the Korean War end? it was a tie and they remain divided
Who won the Cold War? the United States
In 1962 which country allowed the USSR to place missiles there that were aimed at the US? Cuba
What was perestroika? an economic program that loosened the way the government controlled businesses and allowed some private property and profit
Who was the leader of Communist China? Mao Zedong
What was the closest the world has ever been to nuclear war? Cuban Missile Crisis
Who was the leader of communist North Vietnam? Ho Chi Minh
What was the Domino Theory? the idea that if Vietnam became communist
Who was the leader of the Soviet Union during the Cuban Missile Crisis and who built the Berlin Wall? Nikita Kruschev
Why did the Soviet Union break apart into 15 independent countries? economic problems prevented the Soviet Union from keeping these countries together
Who was the leader of the Chinese nationalists? Chiang Kai-shek
What is a demilitarized zone? an area where the military is not allowed
Created by: lcarson