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South Asia Leaders

AP World History Summerville High School

TermDefinition
Mohenjo-daro and Harrapa areas of first Indian civilization, based in the Indus Valley
Aryans semi-nomadic Indo-European pastoralists who passed through the Hindu Kush, brought their culture to Inida.
Chandragupta Maurya founder of the Mauryan Empire
Ashoka Mauryan leader who converted to Buddhism and tried to convert the people of India
Alexander the Great Macedonian leader who extended his empire into Northern India
Guptas dynasty that succeeded the Kushans in the 3rd century C.E., which included all but southern Indian regions; less centralized than Mauryan Empire.
Delhi Sultanate powerful state created by Turks in Northern India
Timurlane a descendant of Genghis Khan sacked Delhi hastened the end of the Delhi Sultanate
Babur a descendant of Genghis Khan founder of the Mughal dynasty
Humayan Reconquered the Northern part of India for the Mughal dynasty after spending time in exile
Akbar was, perhaps, the greatest Mughal ruler, reorganized the government and he created an efficient civil service, tolerant in matters of religion. He abolished a tax previous rulers levied on non-Muslims. He also gave Hindus high office.
Shah Jahan Mughal remembered for building the Taj Mahal
Mumatz Mahal favorite wife of a Mughal ruler; massive memorial built in her honor
Aurngzeb expanded his empire into southern India, taxed subjects heavily and persecuted non-Muslims resulting in a series of rebellions and the decline of his empire.
Goa Portuguese base for trade in India
English East India Company joint-stock company that controlled English trade in India
Calcutta English base in
Robert Clive sent to recapture Calcutta and went on the win the Battle at Plassey
Sepoy or Indian Mutiny rebellion that started with a rumor, ended with the British government gaining control of India
Indian National Congress founded to represent Hindus and work toward independence.
Muslim League founded to represent Muslim independence efforts.
Amristar massacre protest event stopped by British show of force, led to the killing of 379 people and wounding about 1200 more.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi leader of the struggle for independence, advocate of civil disobedience, lawyer.
Jawaharlal Nehru first prime minister of India, created a mixed economy and supported the Green Movement
M A Jinnah leader of the Muslims, called for a 'day of action' and wanted a separate Muslim state as part of independence.
Indira Gandhi prime minister, charged with corruption, declared a state of emergency, ordered the attack on a Sikh temple that housed rebels, assassinated by body guards.
Created by: amygilstrap7